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Functional foods

Watch this video for an overview on what functional foods are and why they could be beneficial for our health.

The purpose of nutrient recommendations

Nutrient recommendations or standards are a set of nutrient intake values which define the amount of nutrients that need to be consumed to best support health. Most countries have a …

Non-energy yielding nutrients

Now let’s explore the role of non-energy yielding nutrients in food. The following are non-energy yielding nutrients: Vitamins Minerals Water Non-energy yielding nutrients facilitate a variety of activities in the …

Categories of nutrients

The six classes of nutrients can be categorised in a number of ways: Macronutrients vs micronutrients Organic vs inorganic Energy yielding vs non-energy yielding Essential vs non-essential The following table …

Introduction to phytochemicals

Phytochemicals are non-nutrient compounds found in plant-derived foods which have biological activity in the body. Phyto means ‘plant’. Phytochemicals are responsible for many well-known characteristics of food, such as taste, …

Why do we use food additives?

The final category of non-nutrient compounds that we will consider is ‘additives’. Without a doubt, the use of additives in food production has increased the variety and quality of food …

Additive regulation and adverse reactions

Food additives are something that is commonly regulated across the world to ensure that foods on the market are safe to consume. For example, Food Standards Australia New Zealand is …

Dietary fibre and gut health

Evidence suggests that an adequate intake of dietary fibre may deliver many health benefits. These include: Helping with weight control Lowering blood cholesterol Decreasing risk of colon cancer Decreasing risk …