Carl Roodnick

Carl Roodnick

I'm a Psychology, Sociology and Criminology graduate, earned a Postgraduate Higher Diploma in Journalism.

I design & develop adult-learning programs & course material. I edit content & dissertations.

Location Durban, South Africa


  • Liked Yi-Shan

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    The results of the poll are not surprising as BL remains a useful bridge to teaching and learning paradigms. However, what is surprising is that so few admitted having different thoughts on the matter!

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    Until such time as access to digital devices, affordable networks, LMSs, and/or LCMSs in developing and third-world environments, BL will remain a pipe-dream for those who need most to benefit by it for teaching and learning purposes.

    That said, this Making BL Work Course has much food for thought, debate, and application for those empowered and equipped to...

  • Given the knee-jerk default towards or deeper into BL, due to Covid-19 lockdown restrictions; and the inability to adequately conceive either the 'new normal" or a post-pandemic strategy for teaching and learning; the digital age has become intrenched, rather than evolving into what some are prematurely calling a "post-digital age." Hence, the overwhelming...

  • It is likely that rather than thinking and speaking of post-digital, that we will be engaging around the Covid and Post-Covid eras, and whether or to what extent Blended Learning helped, hindered, or still has role to play going forward.

    True post-digital innovation should be investigating less digital or minimal digital forms of teaching and learning. This...

  • While the BL terminology debate has raged for at least two decades, "blended learning" as a pedagogical term, has evolved to where it is almost universally understood to mean some form of online or technologically-based teaching and learning, either complementing or replacing face-to-face facilitated teaching or/and learning.

  • This Medina (2018) paper was "to have opened inquiry and debate about how blends should be made in different educational contexts, keeping in mind that there should always be a rationale to blend what learners, instructors, and institutions need, desire, and can possibly afford, with the ultimate aim of putting technology in the...

  • Certainly blended learning is useful - considering the amount of investment in time and money invested to bolster and market this approach to learning and teaching over the past two decades.

    I can't help wondering whether such energy, commitment and resilience at continuously improving traditional learning and training methodologies may have taken the world...

  • Hrastinski's (2019) article is proving to one of the most informative aside from the BL Framework. Thank you for including access to it!

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    While the constraints outweigh the enabling potential of blended learning, particularly in non-first-world environments, the take-up at a course, program, or institutional level of blended learning is likely to be low, slow, erratic and problematic.

  • Great supplementary activities - especially the second dealing with innovation culture within universities. Plenty of food for reflection and ideas for implementation, and supported by a useful toolkit to boot.

  • I found the implementation and implications of change management in the context of BL in an institutional setting both interesting and informative.

  • I've used several frameworks - usually ADDIE-based, competency-based or outcomes-based. I am keen to explore the ABC Workshop Framework based on the six activities.

  • Now finally, we're getting into BL design and development - what I signed up for originally.

  • So, despite the advances in learning technologies, particularly digital and/or online learning, my society, and small business clients are unlikely to be in a position to adopt most if not all of these due to infrastructural, economic, and access to suitable devices with sufficient memory, data constraints, processing power, speed, and the requisite...

  • While my teaching and learning is developing over time, regrettably our country's economy and online infrastructure leaves much to be desired - forcing consultants and practitioners as myself to rather seek to optimise and customise more traditional forms of teaching and learning for our audiences and L&D clients.

  • Living and working in a third-world developing country, one is challenged by infrastructural and diverse online devices which often lack the capacity or bandwidth to accommodate BL functionality and sophisticated online technologies.

    In many cases. the costs in terms of budget, time and finances makes BL unfeasible as a teaching or learning option.

  • My role is primarily as a L&D Coach in my capacities as both Consultant and Instructional Learning Designer. My teaching philosophy evolves as I seek out best practices and my own continuous professional development through resources like FutureLearn. Academia, etc

  • Given the circumstances BL has shifted from a nice-to-have to an essential best practice for teaching and learning.

  • Grateful for all the resources and links to useful content

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    Thank you for the best practices shared which underscore the institution level of BL maturity.

  • LIKEwise - particularly as I am not yet in a position to advise on a strategic or institution-wide BL initiative.

  • Consider using a Trello digital electronic board with cards to mimic padlet; or to recreate your own Institutional-wide BL process and tracking tool for sharing with your governance and/or implementation teams.

  • A search of the DCU link above for their Learning Designers Toolkit, unearthed the following BL resource:

    The Really Useful eLearning Instruction Manual (Ron Hubbard - Editor) will give you a broad base of knowledge and the tools you need to navigate the elearning terrain.

    1 So What is eLearning?
    2 Getting...

  • What do I want to change? I want to ensure that all the programmes I design to into consideration the levels of blended learning maturity.

    Why do I want to change? I am motivated by this blended learning course to ensure that I adopt the inclusiveness values, practices, and ethics
    How do I plan to change it? I plan to change my design and development...

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    The extent designing an inclusive programme should be no different from designing an inclusive course, as the same demographic, inclusiveness, and culture-free factors need to be kept in mind and practice throughout the respective design processes.

  • I am looking forward to establishing how blended learning tools can be aligned throughout an educational programme.

  • I am here to learn how to align a blended learning programme both horizontally and vertically.

  • Curated Case Study: Blended learning: Increasing personal study options - SACAP

    For many South African families, home study and home-schooling during hard lockdown were a shock to the system. For the majority of South Africans it was almost, or completely impossible due to the dire lack of resources...

    This message was sent...

  • I have yet to develop a fully blended learning programme - hence my interest in this particular course, where I expect to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to do so in future.

  • The Programme Level appears very similar in most respects to the Course Level dimensions. The main distinction seems to be in the extent of blended learning - whether a course level or a programme level.

  • I have gained some understanding of the Blended Learning Maturity Framework. This allows me to plan, organise and monitor the maturity of my blended learning interventions prior, during, and after initiating, following, and completing the ADDIE Process during my instructional learning design and development activities.

  • I want to change my approach to the design and development of blended learning content, by utilizing Trello to mimic padlet, in order to map out my EMBED process and blended learning maturity framework for instructional learning analysis and training course materials development planning purposes.

  • Due confidentiality considerations and copyright restrictions, I cannot ethically upload the one component of blended learning that I have recently produced.

    I can, however, share the rationale and design process that I followed in order to create a blended learning experience for my learners.

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    Even though there is some dispute regarding learning types, we should always attempt to design with these in mind; and create learning activities that cater to kinesthetic, audio, visual, and verbal preferences among learners.

  • Carl Roodnick made a comment

    Matching the student activity work load against the proportion of the learning credits is an accurate manner of determining a balanced and fair workload per activity.

  • My self-regulated learning comprises curating and compiling my personal learnings gained from this course in an information-mapped document created in MS Word; incorporating both cut and paste and screen-clipped content, interspersed with my reflections.

  • An audio-based assignment or kinesthetic-based assignment could be offered as alternative to written requirements

  • So, what I did recently, was to provide a URL and navigational guidelines to criminal justice students who choose to access a pertinent website where they could read up on the latest proactive crime prevention strategies; instead of relying on my curated learner guide notes gleaned from the same web source.

    The outcomes include more empowered students, able...

  • Scaffolding guidelines are a great support tool to aid engagement with learning activity content

  • Grateful for the case studies for enhancing my blended learning courses

  • Interesting - should have been part of our introduction to Revenue Management in the beginning - which would have provided an anecdotal context for the revenue management calculations that followed.

  • So, if I make my price differentiation solely on a promotional basis, it is regarded as legal rather than discriminating against a certain section of society or market?

  • There appears to be much scope for high-demand tiered pricing in pretty most unregulated industries - possibly also in service-based ones!

  • EMSR ?

  • pb ?

  • Finally, we are approaching the reasoning behind what was not obvious in Van Rynvin's "magic" formula!

  • The reasoning behind the original probability seem flawed, as there no reason why there has to be at least one person willing to pay his premium ticket price, as past experience is never guaranteed a repeat tendency..
    On the other hand, he does appear to be guaranteed a sale if he opens Door B, where there is a 100% chance of a sale, albeit at the discounted...

  • The probability formula is only guaranteed if there is at least one customer outside each of the doors. He only sure probability is that there will a customer outside Door B willing to pay the discounted price. Hence Van Ryzin risks playing to less than a full-house and the loss to the revenue from the empty seat, if there is no one willing to pay his premium...

  • Playing catch-up this week.

    Van Rijzen has two door options available to him to sell his last show ticker:
    If he opens door A, he can expect to maximise his profits if there are customers willing to pay his premium price.

    However, if he opens door B, he is sure of a sale, although at the discounted price.

    The prospect of a full-house show will add...

  • I am looking forward to examples, models, and pricing solutions relating to small business service provision, freelancing and the gig economy.

  • Consider a first-come first-served scenario like the American Auction model, where you allow bidding for tickets, starting at the highest price possible; and then towards the latter half or quarter of the period, you could steadily drop prices by by 25 to 50 Euro increments, cover operating costs and realize a sustainable profit.

  • Grossly discounted tickets may trigger a price war which is unsustainable, due to set or increasing operational costs.

    In my country, the fiscus-subsidized national carrier spawned its own low-cost fringe carrier and dropped its ticket prices to levels which put several smaller private carriers out of business.

  • Discussing the best/worst scenarios:

    Best: 100% ticket sales @ highest profitability; versus Worst: 100% sales @ loss due to operational cost factors.

    Other scenarios: Zero sales, due to low demand and unaffordably expensive ticket prices. Discounted ticket prices may induce a higher demand. This trend should be monitored daily and weekly, if not hourly,...

  • The price decrease will work if there is a demand for more seating, or if the demand can be created, stimulated and sustained.

    However, if the demand is there, why not continue to sell at the highest price the market will sustain, thereby maximizing higher revenues optimally. Thereafter, if sales and potential demand appears to breaking off prematurely, a...

  • So, my target is two-fold: Increase number of seats sold to 100%; and improve the revenue from the 80 remaining seats available.

    To calculate this, I need to know what my operating costs are projected to be for this flight. Then I can subtract the current revenue from the sale of the 1120 seats. That will leave me with either a short-fall or profit, which...

  • Glad to join this discussion regarding what the most important parameters are to consider when a firm has to set a price for a product.

    Profitability, affordability; marketability; demand/need; value for money; value add; scaleability; . . .

  • Off all the inputs from this course, the movie: The Road from Crime tells the real story, from the influence of the Criminal Justice System to society's prejudice, the process of hope from a life of recedivism to desistance.

  • So, it's not just about pointing ex-offenders in the right direction, it should include access to community mentors, and giving them hope by exposing them to others who have successfully desisted.

  • So it would seem, much like the criminal justice system, the rehabilitation and probation systems may not be exactly desistance-friendly or supportive - or does it come down to adequate follow-up research to establish and confirm more positive outcomes by such efforts in the past?

  • Ethnicity has several divergent roles in both criminality, recedivism, and desistance.

    The outcomes whether positive or negative depend largely on familial, cultural, religious, and community support; and whether the individual is a member of minority or counter-culture.

    Gender does show some disparity between males and females - except when it comes to...

  • Autobiographies are a rather limited source of credible information when compared to the many more who never published their respective stories of desistance or recedivism or whatever.

  • It would appear that having alternative ways of making a living are significant for desistance from crime. This would include a process involving access to education, as a stepping-stone.

    An adequate social support system including marital and familial relationships, are equally important.

  • Ah, desistance, finally we examine prevention, avoidance, and deterrence - I guess!

  • In most respects, EM is less intrusive compared to imprisonment for both the offender/parolee and his or her family. Any impacts suffered, are deterrent consequences of violating or depriving victims and the community of their basic human rights.

  • The use of EMDs can lead to authoritarian misuse or dictatorial abuse - when imposed on mere risky suspects rather than on perpetrators or offenders.

    Where EM is able to restrain or prevent reoffending, even if it is somewhat intrusive and restrictive, is okay; because detention and imprisonment is more so. In this sense then, EM can be regarded and used as...

  • EM is used as a sort of net-widening curfew tool, rather than as an alternative form of punitive imprisonment. It is certainly limited in helping offenders to turn their life around and become non-offenders, as it allows some freedom of association and movement within the social contexts in which the first offended.

  • With largely similar priorities shared by both supervisor and supervisees, this should enhance the chances for successful supervision orders and results.

  • In South Africa, ex-offender employment desks are being rolled out to all 11 Provinces. Cf:

  • I seriously doubt that CSM is being used more widely than imprisonment, as cited in this video.

  • Prison or the threat of loss of freedom remains a strong deterrent to offending and a life of crime. Furthermore it offers a temporary layer of protection for victims and society at large from predatory threats, intimidation and further potential losses or damages by offenders.

    I suspect the deterrent value of detention is likely to diminish with increased...

  • Targeting criminal-producing communities with resources that otherwise would be earmarked for the penal system is one out-of-the-box preventative mechanism.

    However, for those who do fall through the cracks, there remains the need and political will to reform and rehabilitate offenders in order to curb re-offending and recedivism.

  • Instead of wasting our time with the topic of confinement, we should rather be studying the reformative and rehabilitative strategies, principles, and practices of the institutions mentioned by Prof Sim in this video.

  • Sounds like an oxymoron. Offenders have violated their own, other's, and society's Rights.

    As their anti-social behavour violated their victim's rights, it seems only fair that their punishment should involve some curtailing of their civil rights, without having to resort to inhumanity or depravity.

    Rather offenders should be made to look forward to...

  • The alternative is crime with impunity - which is where we appear to be headed.

    What has become of justice seen to be done? How do we deter criminal and terrorist activities and associations effectively in order to protect society from their continued predation?

    As the video of the former prison inmate admitted with a wry smile after 18 years of going...

  • Prisons should be more open to public scrutiny, provided their security can be ensured, and that they are prevented from smuggling contraband into the prisons illicitly.

  • What an insult to our intelligence and academic pursuit - confinement indeed - penal incarceration, I think not!
    The comparisons are thin at best - what a waste of time and space!

  • See my comment above

  • Misleading - only in Western society - not worldwide

  • While there is no place for barbaric brutality - there need to be consequences which serve a discouragement, deterrence, and warning to others - and it must as closely connected to the offence as possible in terms of intensity - at least on a par to the levels of suffering their victims.

  • In Britain maybe. Older actually. We have several references to jails and imprisonment throughout the Bible which is several thousand years old.

  • Imprisonment is more a sanction than a form of punishment. As such it enforces separation of offenders from their victims, the community, their support system, and regular social influences.

    Often it is for the inmate's own good to protect them from vengeance attacks, vigilantism, street gangsterism, and those who led them into crime in the first...

  • While more can certainly be done for understanding victims of crime, I do feel that this course is somewhat over-weighted in favour of victimology rather than crime, and justice.

    Until society, the legal, prosecutory, and correctional services improve the perception of justice being done, like appropriate sentencing, retribution, and restitution - victims...

  • Carl Roodnick replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    That's how victims feel too. Think how you would like to be treated in the event that you have been traumatised or violated by a crime, and then come up with innovative and practical and caring solutions you would welcome and appreciate.

  • I’d seek to either strengthen a weaker agency or set up one which fills in any gaps left by existing agencies – possibly an online victim screening and referral service. . Such a service would be:
    a. free to access
    b. empathic listening and unconditional acceptance
    c. compassionate and understanding
    d. one-port-of-call for assistance or...

  • How sad that fines and even attached property associated with crimes are usually forfeited to the State rather than directly to victims in many cases.
    And it is also sad that victim support is seldom available or offered or eve availed of. More can be done to empower victims from the point of reporting the crime, through the court and prosecution process, and...

  • In a era of austerity, victimology should be the focus of Social Services and Social Workers, so that the police can focus on combating crime, thorough investigation, and prosecution.

  • Again, great insights into what Crime Analysts contribute and the possible repercussions due to austerity cut-backs!

  • Definitely more relevant to the course than the preceding week's topics.

  • Otherwise a boring and frustrating week!

  • How it irks me that contemporary policing is not held more accountable for tackling the root causes of crime.

    Fair enough increasing austerity may mean less resources being available, but better efficiency and targeted crime prevention should largely make up for this

  • With the globalisation phenomenon, policing is needed more than ever to cope with international crime and terrorism.

    What needs to to scaled down, is their administrative, social work, VIP protection, and other local municipal roles.

    They have enough powers, but may need to utilize these more efficiently; possibly with better training and supervision.

  • While your reasoning is logically sound, it is 'evidence' that you have not watched the video covering what is evidenced-based policing!

  • It was stated that:
    "If crime or disorder occurs as the result of a breakdown or deterioration in public services such as safe public transport (or decent housing, quality education, accessible recreational facilities, functioning health services, employment opportunities and so forth) there is little the police can do to prevent it from happening. It is...

  • Community policing marks a necessary shift from indifferent and authoritative policing towards a more community-focused and hopefully empathetic and participatory form of policing collaboration between police services and the communities they are responsible for securing and maintaining order in.

  • Your case study highlights the role of the general public, community, and witnesses associated with a suspected crime, when it comes to intelligence-gathering and following up leads properly.

  • There's plenty of (thorough) leg-work, intelligence-gathering, and other due diligence procedures involved.

    It's not as simple as rushing out there and willy-nilly pulling suspects off the street and hauling them off into jail or a courtroom.

    And as Detective Inspector Steven Ashmore stated, then there's jury theatrics, before the fat lady sings!

  • Response times are shocking, because any delay could result in the loss of lives, damage to property, serious injury and emotional trauma, and the perpetrator not getting caught red-handed or escaping a potential arrest.

    Aside from limited staff issues, lack of serviceable equipment, and administrative red-tape are often the primary reasons for poor or no...

  • Social Media and Online call-in and reporting services could provide a useful alternative to emergency call-ins to Police Stations and their regular Call-in Services - possibly reducing nuisance and other routine or non-emergency calls,

  • Interesting that the concepts of public protection service and crime deterrence are barely alluded to.