Sony Kc

Sony Kc

Sony K.C., holds a PhD in Development Studies and has 9 years of research experience in sectors: Livelihoods, Social Protection, Gender & Social Inclusion, Feminization of Agriculture/labor mark

Location Nepal


  • Exactly it is all a matter of public policy and the designs of it right? You have pointed out the answers to the panacea we have been discussing.

  • great discussion going on - there is no right or wrong here and we have really interesting examples from both two different countries. Keep it up.

  • Sony Kc replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    Great to know. Thank you.

  • Right so do you mean workplaces should be transformative for women to be in the equal spectrum?

  • Rea this is really interesting. Do you mind elaborating more on the modern feminists and falling back into old patterns with example? It would be good to share with others and learn what they think. This is an important issue to be raised.

  • These are really good comments and a way forward for detailed discussions. For a country like ours, who undergo power cuts - technologies can be difficult to handle. Majority of people still wash clothes manually which takes hours and the role players are women or girls, mostly with some exception. However, these points are really valid and I would love to...

  • So defining gender roles is one of the panacea you have pointed out. Great. What do other students think?

  • Nicely put! What do you think then would be a better way for women to do both "paid" and "unpaid " work? What elements can we think of?

  • Sony Kc replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    In the informal sector, sick maternity leave means no money at all. For a woman who does domestic work in other HHs would not have any job once she becomes a mother so she is forced into a pit of vulnerability. What do you think could be a panacea to such circumstances we have been facing in some of the parts of the world?

  • Ok and do you think there needs to be a monitoring team for these regulations? Or are there any in your part of the world? Quite often there are policies, like in Nepal the lowest monthly salary for informal/formal sector is Rs 15,000 (115 Swiss franc) but a lot of helpers do not get paid for this - especially women who do domestic work/care work etc - they...

  • @MélanieSurchat Yes and in our part of the world intersectionality is not only limited to race or status but also the multifarious castes and the denominations that are associated within these caste, the 127 languages (approx.), the issue of untouchability (that is the so called lower castes are considered untouchables and hence cannot enter the so called...

  • @ClaudioRichard This is again interesting! Do you mean institutional innovation - that consists of a better structure to put women into a safe working place without any discrimination by their background - is important?

  • @MadlainaJost This is an interesting thing you have pointed out. Of course a lot of people from any background and discipline would say that the pandemic was an additional harm to the already dystopian world.

  • @NataschaFlückiger So we are indeed talking about good governance in regards to policy making and executing them which is crucial in situation as this.

  • Again, thank you for bringing in the important aspect - the psycho social impact. Of course the entire pandemic gave everyone a panicky life, many went into depression, there were rise in suicides in India and Nepal (and of course other parts of the world). The world could not stand on its own feet. Student from Switzerland, do you have any opinion regarding...

  • Sony Kc replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    Joanne, this is indeed a misery caused by the pandemic. What is your opinion on how the state should have addressed the concerns of many who lost their jobs? Were there any safety nets? Compensation?

  • Amanda this is a reality everywhere. Of course we still do not have a transformative workspaces. So what do you think should be panacea to this structure?

  • Right. Do you think then we are still following patriarchal setting in regards to role division?

  • So you have observed that in organisations such nursing homes and care centers there are women with higher management positions? Do you think this is because of the profession "nursing" or "care takers" as in my country only women are supposed to be nurses. Do you think this could also be the gendered norms that are linked to profession?

  • So technically, there is this whole idea of "doing gender" where men do the so called "masculine work" and women do the so called "feminine work". What about the preferences? Do you think these men or women would want to swap their roles?

  • @MélanieSurchat This is interesting. What about the barriers these PhD female students face? Again we can think about the care work and the paid work in this essence, which of course, does not apply to everyone. Any thoughts on this?

  • I remember a quote by a feminist in Nepal. She said "No matter what labour comes from the womb". It still rings in my ears and something that you have pointed out.

  • So then do you think there is a need to define "work" from a more multidisciplinary perspective? Like you pointed care work is also work (or lets say reproductive work) and sometimes this work goes for hours without any time limit, right? It is impossible to not do the care work because it becomes a need than a want (example, taking care of infants or children).

  • This is a sad reality. But what other issues do you think were behind this? Policies? Process? Anything else you can think of?

  • This is positive side of the pandemic! Of course, women started coming to the forefront with ideas - which means anyone can become an entrepreneur given the time, space and opportunity. Also you point highlights the idea how technology can play an important role during times as the pandemic. But what do you think helped these women to finally come out and open...

  • Nicely put Yuvraj. Highlighting gender violence is crucial and another element of the entire pandemic process or any vulnerability context. Men and women, of course, had different experience and researches also show this. Overall, any bread winner losing a job in the household changes the entire household dynamics and livelihood. Thank you Yuvraj for bringing...

  • @AgnieszkaSzymczyk Exactly! And in Nepal the entire informal labour market (which is huge) completely shut down - shoving labours in the pit of vulnerability - the state acted a little later in providing food needs while some organisations provided cash transfers to the most vulnerable population. Though every workers suffered, the informal sector labourers...

  • @AakankshyaGCBhujel Totally! A transformative workspace is important. Maintaining work and family is a challenge - and when we talk about care work - hiring nannies, which we do in Nepal also makes some of these nannies already compensate their own share of care work because they have to make a living. The whole process is problematic without a transformative...

  • Indeed- preconceptions are also elements of precarious situation for women. So what is the political economy of this? meaning, why are things happening as they are? What is it that policies and practices are missing?

  • These are all very important elements that you have pointed out. So do you think, it is also possible for a woman's situation to be precarious when she is working under another woman?

  • So we have experienced similar issues all around the globe. What do you think is the difference in this situation if we compare western world versus developing countries? Have we been able to see any differences - which are evident but what kinds of differences?

  • Great! What kind of long term solutions are we talking about? Any one have any opinion?

  • @AakankshyaGCBhujel Exactly. And do you think there are differences in regards to rural and urban dichotomy? Anyone with similar experiences?

  • Judgement based on gender- Interesting! What about the policies then. Are there any safety nets an implementation - both before and after the pandemic to support the vulnerable population, from where you come from? If so, how effective has it been?. If not, then what factors should we consider for a better unbiased (by gender) and inclusive work space?

  • Interesting example from Norway! Lets delve deeper and critically think, why are things happening as they are? What kinds of policies are there to secure these women - health sectors pay better, for example nurses are paid really well in many developed countries - given that lets think about this. What policy instruments are there to support women who are paid...

  • Sony Kc replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    This is really interesting. Thank you for your insight.

  • Thank you for your valuable and transparent remarks. Does this resonate to the patriarchal structure our society holds? Or are there more to this? Can we critically think about this, may be linking it to household dynamics, structure, rural and urban parities???

  • Sony Kc replied to [Learner left FutureLearn]

    This is great Joanee. Any one else with any comments or remarks? Let us all hear from you. Thank you.