Further resources

James, D. L., 1992 The Master Scribes: Qur’ans of the Tenth to the Fourteenth Centuries A.D.

Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, vol. 2, London, Nour Foundation in association with Azimuth Editions and Oxford University Press

Safadi, Y. H., 1978 Islamic Calligraphy, London, Thames and Hudson

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This article is from the free online course:

The Birmingham Qur'an: Its Journey from the Islamic Heartlands

University of Birmingham