Decent Work: Tackling the Challenge of Quality Employment
Decent WorkThe International Labour Organization (ILO) has formulated the concept of decent work to tackle the global challenge of quality employment and developed a decent work agenda. The latter rests on the following four pillars:
- Employment creation and enterprise development
- Social protection
- Standards and rights at work
- Governance and social dialogue
- The United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Youth (UN Youth-SWAP)
- The UN System-Wide Action Plan of the Second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2008-2017)
- The ILO-led Social Protection Floor and Global Jobs Pact initiatives
- The International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture (IPCCLA)
- The Global Migration Group (GMG)
1) Respects the core labour standards as defined in ILO Conventions, and therefore:
- Respect the four core labour standards
- Provide an adequate living income
- Entail an adequate degree of employment security and stability
- Adopt minimum occupational safety and health (OSH) measures, which are adapted to address sector-specific risks and hazards
- Avoid excessive working hours and allows sufficient time for rest
- Promote access to adapted technical and vocational training
- It’s not child labour, which involves any type of work that is inappropriate for a child’s age and could potentially harm children’s education, health, safety and morals. Even though some activities performed in specific contexts may be crucial for their survival and food security, child labour constitutes an enormous burden for economic and agricultural development, as well as an incentive for poverty in rural communities.
- It’s not forced labour, which could take on the form of debt bondage, trafficking, as well as other examples of modern slavery. Forced labour is defined in Article 2.1 by the 1930 ILO Forced Labour Convention (No. 29) as all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily. Some of the sectors in which labour is most common are the construction, agriculture, domestic work, manufacturing and entertainment fields.
- Guarantees freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, promoting the organization of rural workers. Collective bargaining refers to all negotiations between employers and workers’ organisations. This is particularly important for determining working conditions and the terms of employment, along with regulating relations between workers and employers and relations between workers’ organisations and employers.
- Does not discriminate at work on the basis of age, gender, race, social origin, sexual orientation, colour, religion, political opinion, national extraction, or other.
- Are educated in terms of safety measures and health matters, and are adequately prepared to safely handle relevant machinery, heavy equipment, appliances and hand tools
- Are able to adopt preventive safety and health measures for themselves and for other workers in various steps of the supply chain, including the handling and the control of dangerous substances anche chemical, as well as the protection for pregnant and breastfeeding women
- Have access, if operable, to appropriate welfare facilities such as toilets, first-aid kits, lunch rooms etc…
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