Skip main navigation

New offer! Get 30% off one whole year of Unlimited learning. Subscribe for just £249.99 £174.99. New subscribers only. T&Cs apply

Find out more

The Holocaust

The Holocaust

Dr. David Silberklang

We have already discussed how policy against the Jews was determined as one of the main principles of the ideological “New World Order” that the Nazis tried to establish and that it accompanied each stage of the war, at times even serving as a driving force for the war itself. The essence of Jews, as perceived and presented by Nazi ideology, was evil and could spread endlessly. Consequently, there was no place for them in the “New World Order”. Thus, between 1933 and 1945, ever worsening anti-Jewish policies were formulated, culminating in the decision to actively exterminate the Jews living either directly under Nazi rule or the rule of their allies. The result was the systematic murder of six million Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators.

For additional visual materials please see “downloads” below.


  • Bauer, Yehuda, Rethinking the Holocaust (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001).

  • Browning, Christopher, The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939- March 1942 (With contributions by Jürgen Matthäus) (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004).

  • Friedländer, Saul, The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945 (New York: Harper Collins, 2007).

  • Gutman, Yisrael, The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt (Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1982).

  • Hilberg, Raul, The Destruction of the European Jews, 3 vols., (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1985).

  • Michman, Dan, The Emergence of Jewish Ghettos During the Holocaust (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

  • Longerich, Peter, Holocaust: The Nazi Persecution and Murder of the Jews (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

  • Kershaw, Ian, Hitler, the Germans and the Final Solution (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008).

  • Silberklang, David, Gates of Tears: The Holocaust in the Lublin District (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2013).

This article is from the free online

Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now