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Anti-Zionism in the 1960s and 1970s: the USSR and the Soviet Bloc

Anti-Zionism in the 1960s and 1970s: the USSR and the Soviet Bloc

Prof. Elissa Bemporad, Prof. Jeffrey Herf

Events taking place in the 1960s had a major effect on the development of anti-Zionism in the Soviet Union and on their subsequent spread across the Soviet Bloc states, those Communist nations closely allied with the Soviet Union.

How were Israel and Zionism perceived in the Soviet Bloc states?

For additional visual materials please see “downloads” below.


  • Frankel, Jonathan, “The Anti-Zionist Press Campaigns in the USSR 1969-1971: An Internal Dialogue?,” Soviet Jewish Affairs, vol. 3 (1972), pp. 3 – 26.

  • Heller, Joseph, The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1948-67: Superpower Rivalry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

  • Herf, Jeffrey, Divided Memory: The Nazi Past in the Two Germanys (Cambridge, M.A., Harvard University Press, 1997).

  • Herf, Jefferey, Undeclared Wars with Israel: East Germany and the West German Far Left, 1967-1989 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016).

  • Pinkus, Benjamin, The Soviet Government and the Jews, 1948-1967: A Documented Study (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

  • Ro’i, Yaacov, Soviet Decision Making in Practice: The USSR and Israel, 1947-1954 (New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1980).

  • Shindler, Colin, Israel and the European Left: Between Solidarity and Delegitimization (New York: Continuum, 2012).

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Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

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