Skip main navigation

Differentiating between legitimate and illegitimate criticism of Israel

Differentiating between legitimate and illegitimate criticism of Israel

Prof. Yehuda Bauer, Prof. Kenneth L. Marcus (winter 2017)

What are the boundaries between legitimate and illegitimate criticism of Israel? We began dealing with this issue in the fourth week of the course. Let’s return to it again here, as it is crucial to our understanding and identification of antisemitism today.


  • Bauer, Yehuda, “Problems of contemporary antisemitism,” in Murray Baumgarten, Peter Kenez, and Bruce Thompson, eds., Varieties of Antisemitism; History, Ideology, Discourse (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2009), pp. 315 – 327.

  • Hirsh, David, “Struggles over the Boundaries of Legitimate Discourse: Antisemitism and Bad-Faith Allegations,” in Charles Asher Small, ed., Global Antisemitism: A Crisis of Modernity (New York: ISGAP, 2013), pp. 89 – 94.

  • Litvak, Meir and Esther Webman, “Israel and Antisemitism,” in Albert S. Lindemann and Richard S. Levy, eds., Antisemitism: A History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 237 – 249.

  • Marcus, Kenneth L., Jewish Identity and Civil Rights in America (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

  • Marcus, L. Kenneth, The Definition of Anti-Semitism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015).

  • Sharansky, Natan “3D Test of Anti-Semitism: Demonization, Double Standards, Delegitimization,” Jewish Political Studies Review, vol. 16, no. 3-4 (Fall 2004).

This article is from the free online

Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now