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Managing shock

This article describes what to do if someone is suffering from shock
Figure carrying first aid case
© University of Glasgow, 2017

In dealing with shock there are some key things that is important to remember.


1. TREAT – Check for any obvious cause (bleeding) and aim to treat it. Call 999 for emergency help!

2. FLOOR – Lie casualty down on back, preferably on a soft and warm surface (e.g. a blanket)

3. RAISE – Lift casualty’s legs up and hold in position to improve blood supply to vital organs

4. WARM – Undo tight clothing but cover the casualty in warm jumpers or blankets

5. MONITOR – Keep an eye on casualty’s consciousness, breathing and heart rate until help arrives


Give the casualty food or drink – they may need an anaesthetic at a later stage

Leave casualty unattended

Attempt to warm casualty with a direct heat source

© University of Glasgow, 2017
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Basic First Aid: How to Be an Everyday Hero

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