Skip main navigation

£199.99 £139.99 for one year of Unlimited learning. Offer ends on 28 February 2023 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply

Find out more

Recommended reading – Heat transport

Optional reading - Heat transport
© University of Bergen

These suggested articles/websites will give you a more in-depth background on the topics covered in the video in step 2.1:

There is a nice article on the Gulf Stream by the Max Planck Institut: “What is the Gulf Stream?”.

Often one refers to the process of deep water formation in the North Atlantic as the Thermohaline Circulation, the Great Ocean Conveyor Belt, or more scientifically the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. For an overview of the concepts and a nice visualization you should check out this NASA page: “The Thermohaline Circulation – The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt”.

For an introduction to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and a discussion of changes to deep water production in the North Atlantic you should study chapter 3.6.3 from the IPCC report of 2013 (WG1 AR5) “The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation”.

© University of Bergen
This article is from the free online

Causes of Climate Change

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education