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Introducing simple directional complements

In this video, Dr Li will introduce simple directional complements.

In this video we learn 简单趋向补语“来” 和“去” jiǎndān qūxiàng bǔyǔ “lái” hé “qù”(the simple directional complement “来” and“去” ). The structure is: verb +来 or verb +去 Here the complement “来” and“去” shows the direction of the verb. If the action moves towards the speaker or proceeds towards the object under discussion,we use “来”, and if the action moves away from the speaker or proceeds away from the object under discussion,we use“去”.

For example:
Introducing simple directional complements Image 2

The following table is the main simple directional complements, notice that the verb “起qǐ”is special,it can only be used with “Lai” to form a directional complement,means “get up”.

The following is Chinese and English Version of Situational Dialogue in the Video:

西西:我已经在学校门口了,你过来了吗?

王小宝:我到了,你站在门口别动,我马上过去找你。

西西:你怎么这么慢,快点过来!

王小宝:我走不动了,我骑自行车过去。

西西:好吧,那你快来吧,我等你。

Xīxi:I’m already at the school gate. Are you coming?

Wáng Xiǎobǎo:I’m here. You stay at the door and don’t move. I ‘ll be right there.

Xīxi:Why are you so slow? Come on!

Wáng Xiǎobǎo:I am so tired to walk. I will go there by bike.

Xīxi:Well, hurry up, I’ll wait for you.

© Shanghai International Studies University

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