Skip main navigation

Initials Ⅱ

In this video, we'll continue to learn some more initials:d t n l g k h j q x.
10
Do you remember the initials we learned before? Of course. “b,” “p,” “m,” “f.” Also, now I can address my parents, māma and bàba, mother and father. Wow, cool. Let’s continue to learn some more initials. OK. “d,” “t,” “n,” “l,” “g,” “k,” “h,” “j,” “q,” “x.” Firstly, let’s see “d,” “t,” “n,” “l.” They’re pronounced by the coordination of the tongue tip and the upper gums.
58.2
We add “e” after them when we read “d,” “t,” “n,” “l.” “l” is a little different from the other three. Your tongue touches the gums gently, and the airflow comes out from the two side of your tongue. Now can you read these four initials? No problem. “d,” “t,” “n,” “l.” It’s easy, right? Yes. Now let’s practice some syllables beginning with these initials.
97.4
d-u,dú t-i,tī n-ü,nǚ l-a,là
110.1
Next, “g,” “k,” “h.” They’re produced with the coordination of the back of the tongue and the soft palate. We also add “e” after them when we read. “g.” The back of your tongue holds against the soft palate. And then your tongue drops suddenly. “g.” “g.” “g.”
142.1
K. The air flow is stronger than “g.” “k” “k.” “k.”
153.9
The back of the tongue is close to the soft palate. Leave some space between them to let the airflow rush out. “h” just like “h” in hello. Don’t pronounce it like “ha” oh “he.” “h,” “h.” “h.”
178.7
Now, can you read this three initials? Of course I can. “g,” “k,” “h.” Good. Can you read these following syllables beginning with these initials? I’ll try. ɡ-e, ɡē; k-a, kǎ; h-e, hē.
204.7
Lastly, “j,” “q,” “x.” They’re produced with coordination between the tongue surface and the hard palate. We add i after them when we read.
222.5
“j.” The tongue should touch here, and then a gap is opened to let the air rush out. “j,” “j,” “j.”
239.4
“q.” Here, the airflow is stronger than “j.” “q” “q,” “q.” “x.” Your tongue surface does not touch the hard pallet. “x,” “x,” “x.”
265.2
Now let’s read them one more time. j q x.
272.2
Good. Pay attention. The shape of your mouth, it’s like a smile. j q x.
282.1
OK, here are some syllables beginning with these initials.
289.1
j-i-jí q-ü-qù x-i-xǐ.
299.9
It should be noted that j q x can only be combined with i ü and compound finals beginning with i ü.
313.8
For convenience, we drop the two dots off “ü” when it has written after j q x but still read “ü.” Please read. ju, qu, xu.
335.5
Now let’s have a review of what we learned in this video. d t n l ɡ k h j q x.
353
Can I try? Sure. Go ahead. OK. d t n l ɡ k h j q x.
367.9
That’s wonderful. You made great progress. Now use what you learned to practice more. Thanks. I will. See you next time. Bye-bye.

Let’s continue to learn some more initials:d t n l g k h j q x.

“d t n l” are pronounced by the coordination of the tongue tip and the upper gums. We add the sound “e” after them when we read d t n l. “l” is a little different from the other three. Your tongue touches the gums gently and the airflow comes out from two sides of your tongue.

Syllables beginning with d t n l:

  • dú——to read
  • tī——to kick
  • nǚ——female
  • là——spicy
“g k h” are produced with the coordination of the back of the tongue and the soft palate. We also add “e” after them when we read.
g, the back of your tongue holds against the soft palate, and then your tongue drops suddenly. k, the airflow is stronger than “g”. h, the back of the tongue is close to the soft palate, leave some space between them to let the airflow rush out . “h” just like ‘h’ in ‘hello’.
Syllables beginning with g k h:
  • gē——elder brother
  • kǎ——card
  • hē——to drink
“j q x” are produced with the coordination of the tongue surface and hard palate. The shape of your mouth is like a smile. We add “i” after them when we read. j , the tongue should touch the upper jaw,and then a gap is opened to let the air rush out . q , the air flow is stronger than j. x, your tongue surface does not touch the hard palate.
Syllables beginning with j q x:
  • jí——anxious
  • qù——to go
  • xǐ——to wash

It should be noted that j q x can only be combined with i ü and compound finals beginning with i ü. For convenience, we drop the two dots of ü when it is written after j q x but still read ü: j—ü—jū, q—ü—qū, x—ü—xū. Click to listen

This article is from the free online

Learn Chinese: Introduction to Chinese Pronunciation and Tone

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education