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Finals Ⅱ

After learning six simple finals in Pinyin, in this video, we will learn some compound finals composed of them, which start with: ɑ,o,e.
10.3
Hello. Ms. Zhu, I always say nǐhǎo to greet people. Is that right? Well, nǐhǎo sounds better. ao is what we call a compound final. We’ve already learned six simple finals in Pinyin. And in this video, we will learn some compound finals composed of them which start with a,o,e.
41.3
Here’s the first one. George, would you like to try? Sure. “a-i”. “ai.” “a” plus “i” is not correct.
55
Don’t simply pronounce one final after another. There should be a gradual transition from the first final “a” into the second final “i”. For example, ài means love, wǒ ài nǐ I love you. Let’s put “ai” after an initial to make a syllable. m-ai, mǎi.
86.2
“ao” the same way. Open your mouth widely and then gradually transition into “o”, ao.
97
For example, m-ao, māo.
103.8
“an” “n” here is just a nasal sound.
112.8
Your tongue should touch the upper gum until you finish the pronunciation.
120.2
“a-ne(an)” is not correct. “an.” For example, n-an, nán.
132.3
ang, the “ang” sound is made in the back of your mouth. Open your mouth to form a bigger space at the back and retract your tongue, “ang.” For example, p-anɡ, pànɡ.
151.3
Now let’s practice more finals.
155.6
ou, onɡ, ei, en, enɡ.
166.6
OK, now let’s practice some syllables. h ai, hǎi; f anɡ, fánɡ; ɡ ou, ɡǒu.
181.2
You can also find when we pronounce ai ei ao ou the first vowel sounds louder and longer. We refer to this as the main vowel.
195.2
When a syllable has two or more vowels, the tongue should be marked on the main vowel. For example, “ai.” The tongue should be marked “a”. George, have you got it? That’s quite complicated. Don’t worry. Practice makes perfect. How about reading these syllabus after me? OK, I’ll try my best.
224.1
l-ao, lǎo lǎo k-an, kàn kàn l-onɡ, lónɡ lónɡ f-ei, fēi fēi Every syllable we practiced before has its own meaning. But in modern Chinese, words normally consist of two syllables. Let’s practice some.
253.6
dànɡāo dànɡāo mǐfàn mǐfàn Great. You’re progressing well. Now use what you learned to practice more. Thanks. I will. See you. See you.
After learning six simple finals in Pinyin, we will learn some compound finals composed of them, which start with: ɑ,o,e. When you pronounce a compound final, don’t simply pronounce one final after another. Take “ai” for example, there should be a gradual transition from the first final ɑ into the second final ‘i .
ɑo, the same way, open your mouth widely, and then gradually transition into o. ɑn, here n is just a nasal sound, your tongue should touch the upper gum until you finish the pronunciation. ɑnɡ, the sounds is made in the back of your mouth. Open your mouth to form a bigger space at the back, and retract your tongue.
Syllables contain these finals:
  • mǎi — to buy
  • māo — cat
  • nán — male
  • pànɡ — fat
Using the method we’ve been talking before, you may try to read compound finals **ou、onɡ、ei、en、enɡ **.
We can also find that when we pronounce ɑi ei ɑo ou, the first vowel sounds louder and longer. We refer to this as the ‘main vowel’. When a syllable has two or more vowels, the tone should be marked on the main vowel. For example, ai, the tone should be marked on ɑ. In modern Chinese, words usually are consisted of two syllables, for example,
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Introduction to Chinese: Pronunciation and Tone

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