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Compound Finals Ⅲ-1

To help you pronounce compound finals, here we explain the another two compound finals starting with i u.

After learning initals zh ch sh r ; z c s, let’s have a look at compound finals starting with i and u. Compound finals starting with i and u are “iɑ ie iɑo iɑn iɑng in ing iong uɑ uo uɑi uɑn uɑng ueng” .

As mentioned in the last video, when you pronounce ɑi, your pronunciation should smoothly transition from ɑ to i. We use the same method to pronounce these compound finals. Please practice by reading the following syllables.

  • iɑ, jiā — home or family
  • ie, jiě — elder sister
  • iɑo, xiǎo — small
To address brothers and sisters, we say jiějie, elder sister; gēge, elder brother; dìdi, younger brother; mèimei, younger sister.
  • iɑn, qián — money
  • iɑng, xiǎng — to think
  • in, xīn — heart
  • ing, “bīng” means “ice”. In China normally you get hot water in restaurants, if you prefer cold water, you say “bīng”.
  • iong, xióng — bear
The difference of in and ing is comparable to the difference between ɑn and ɑng. Open the back of your mouth when you pronounce ing.
  • uɑ, huā — flowers
  • uo, duō — many
  • uɑi, kuài — fast
  • uɑn, chuán — boat
  • uɑng, huáng — yellow
  • ueng, usually describe the sound of bee.

When you pronounce compound finals start with i and u, you first pronounce i and u lightly and quickly transition to the main vowel.

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Learn Chinese: Introduction to Chinese Pronunciation and Tone

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