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Watch and read: personal pronouns

Watch and / or read the explanation and examples on this part of Dutch grammar: personal pronouns. Also: learn how to practice Dutch grammar.
Personal pronouns, informal and formal forms and emphasis.
[DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik. Jij, je, u. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Hij, zij, ze het. Wij, we. Jullie. Zij, ze. And now, the pronouns used in sample sentences. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Nu woon ik in Groningen. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Wat doe je? Wij hebben twee dochters. Vinden jullie Groningen leuk? There are two forms you can use when you address someone, “je”, “jij” and “u”. [DUTCH SPOKEN] “U” is used as a polite form to casual acquaintances, strangers, superiors, and elders.
Here are some examples with “je” and “u”.
Some pronouns have emphatic or stressed form next to a non-stressed form. For example, “jij” versus “je” The “jij” is the stressed form, and the “je” unstressed.
So for example, [DUTCH SPOKEN] Hoe oud ben je? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik ben twintig. En jij?
There are more personal pronouns with these two forms, stressed and non-stressed.
“zij” and “ze”, the singular. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Zij woont in Toronto. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ze woont in Toronto. “Wij”, “we”. Wij wonen nu hier. We wonen nu hier. “Zij”, “ze”. the plural. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Waar wonen ze? Waar wonen zij?
More examples from the dialogues. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik ben twintig. En jij? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Zij wonen in Denemarken. We hebben geen dieren. So more examples. See and listen to the contrast. [DUTCH SPOKEN] We hebben dieren. We hebben twee katten. En jullie? Hebben jullie dieren? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Nee, wij hebben geen dieren. En jij Maria? Ja, ik heb een hond.

In the next steps, you will learn the basics of Dutch grammar. In our view, grammar is a practical tool for structuring the ideas and thoughts you want to express. Grammar is not a goal in itself, but it can be a great help.

You can watch a video with a teacher explaining and reading the examples, and / or you can read the text on this grammatical subject. Choose what feels best for you. In this course, you will only learn about the basic principles and rules. If you want to know more, you can find links to some other Dutch grammar websites in the ‘See also’ section under the text.

Personal pronouns

Here you can see an overview of the personal pronouns.

pronomen pronoun
ik I
jij/je-u you
hij-zij/ze-het he-she-it
wij/we we
jullie you
zij/ze they

Depending on the person you are talking to, we have two forms of the singular ‘you’: je – jij, and u.
U is used as a polite form to casual acquaintances, strangers, superiors and in general to persons a generation older.

Some pronouns have an emphatic or stressed form, as well as a non-stressed form.
For example: jij versus je.
Jij is the stressed form, the je non-stressed.

For example

Hoe oud ben je? How old are you?
Ik ben twintig. En jij? I am twenty. And you?

There are more pronouns with a stressed and a non-stressed form.

zij / ze (singular)

Ze woont in Toronto. She lives in Toronto. (the emphasis is on Toronto)
Zij woont in Toronto. She lives in Toronto. (the emphasis is on she)

wij / we

We wonen nu hier. We live here now.
Wij wonen nu hier. We live here now.

zij / ze (plural)

Waar wonen ze? Where do they live?
Waar wonen zij? Where do they live?

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on personal pronouns on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).

Do you have any questions about Dutch grammar? Follow the links below for more information. Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.

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Introduction to Dutch

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