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Watch and read: plural

Watch and / or read the explanation and examples on this part of Dutch grammar: plural of nouns. Also: learn how to practice Dutch grammar.
Plural. The formation of the plural.
The Dutch plural can be formed in different ways. For example, with -en, like in “woorden”, “vrienden”, and “dagen”. But also with -s, like in “dochters”, “ouders”, “hobby’s”, and “foto’s”.
The common ending for the plural is -en. So “dier” becomes “dieren”. Another one is with -s, used with a number of words, especially from foreign origin. Like “marathon”, or “marathons”. And words ending in unstressed -el, -en, -em, -er, and -e. For example, “ouder” and “ouders”. Words ending in a -a, -i, -o, -u, or -y, receive an apostrophe -s. “Foto” becomes “foto’s”.
Here you see some examples from the dialogues. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Hoeveel woorden ken jij? [DUTCH SPOKEN] We hebben dieren. With -en. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik houd van marathons. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Je hebt twee dochters. With -s. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Heb je hobby’s? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Heb je foto’s? With apostrophe -s.

Watch the video about the plural in Dutch and read the explanation below.


The Dutch plural has different endings.
For example en as in: woorden, vrienden and dagen.
But also s as in: dochters, ouders, hobby’s, and foto’s.

The regular plural ending is –en: dier, dieren.
Another common plural ending is -s, which is used with a considerable number of words:

  • Many words originally of foreign origin, like marathon, marathons.
  • And words ending in unstressed -el, -em, -en, -er, -e. For example ouder, ouders.
  • Words ending in a, i, o, u or y, get an apostrophe with an s, like foto, foto’s.

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on the plural on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).

Do you have any questions about Dutch grammar? Follow the links below for more information. Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.

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Introduction to Dutch

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