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Watch and read: adjectives

Watch and / or read the explanation and examples on this part of Dutch grammar: adjectives. Also: learn how to practice Dutch grammar.
Adjectives, we will discuss a few frequently used adjectives in Dutch, as well as rules when to add the extra -e.
First some adjectives, “leuk”, “lekker”, “mooi”, “goed”, “groot”, “nieuw”. Here are some examples from the dialogues. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Een leuk plan. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Het is lekker weer, he? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Een mooi stadion. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Een goed idee. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Heel groot.
Sometimes we had an extra -e, but sometimes we don’t. First a situation when we don’t. When the adjective is not immediately followed by a noun, we don’t add this extra -e. Look at the examples. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Het stadion is groot. [DUTCH SPOKEN] De woonkamer is zonnig. [DUTCH SPOKEN] De bergen zijn hoog.
When the adjective is followed by a noun, an extra E is added. But there is always an exception. When the adjective precedes a DE-word, an E is always added. It is [DUTCH de leuke baan], a DE-word, and [DUTCH een leuke baan]. When the adjective precedes a HET-woord, and HET is used, an extra E is added. It is [DUTCH het leuke plan], a HET-woord
but when the adjective precedes a HET-word and HET is not used for example the indefinite article EEN is used instead, no extra E is added. So it is [DUTCH een leuk plan] The rule is a singular indefinite HET-woord generates an adjective without an E.
Here is another example. [DUTCH Dat is een goed idee. Het idee], so a HET-word. With an adjective [DUTCH, het goede idee], because a definite article HET is used, but [DUTCH een goed idee], because the indefinite article [DUTCH een] is used. Since plurals always have the article DE, the adjective with a noun in plural use always gets an extra E, in definite and in indefinite form. It doesn’t matter. So it is [DUTCH de kleine kinderen, de mooie parken, en de leuke foto’s.]
Here are some more examples with HET-words and an adjective. [DUTCH mijn huis, het andere huis, een ander huis, [DUTCH het weekend, het eerste weekend, Fijn weekend!]
In the next steps, you will learn the basics of Dutch grammar. In our view, grammar is a practical tool for structuring the ideas and thoughts you want to express. Grammar is not a goal in itself, but it can be a great help.
You can watch a video with a teacher explaining and reading the examples, and / or you can read the text on this grammatical subject. Choose what feels best for you. In this course, you will only learn about the basic principles and rules. If you want to know more, you can find links to some other Dutch grammar websites in the ‘See also’ section under the text.
Here are some adjectives you heard or read in the dialogues.
Het is een leuke baan. It is a nice job.
Het is lekker weer. It is nice weather.
Een mooi stadion. A beautiful stadium.
Een goed idee. A good idea.
Heel groot. Very big.
Volgende maand. Next month.
Form of the adjective
In some cases, an -e is added to an adjective.
When the adjective is not followed by a noun, when it is used independently, no -e is added.
Het stadion is mooi. The stadium is beautiful.
Het weer is lekker. The weather is nice.
When the adjective is followed by a noun, the main rule is: an -e is added.
Het is een leuke baan. It is a nice job
Volgende maand. Next month
In one case no -e is added: when the noun is a singular, indefinite het-woord.
For example
Het idee
het goede idee een goed idee
Het stadion
het mooie stadion een mooi stadion
So, when the noun is a de-woord, an -e is always added.
De pizza
de lekkere pizza een lekkere pizza
De baan
de leuke baan een leuke baan
Practise with Quizlet
Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on adjectives on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).
Do you have any questions about Dutch grammar? Follow the links below for more information. Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.
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Introduction to Dutch

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