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Watch and read: comparatives and superlatives

Watch and / or read the explanation and examples on this part of Dutch grammar: comparative and superlative. Also: learn how to practice Dutch gramma
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Comparatives and superlatives– here you will see how to construct a comparative and superlative form and how to express when you think something is bigger, newer, or biggest, or newest. And we will show the irregular forms for these constructions. First, let’s see what we are discussing. These forms– “leuk”, “leuker”, “leukst”, meaning, nice, nicer, nicest. Or “mooi”, “mooier”, “mooist”, for beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful. “good”, “better”, “best” – good, better, best. “veel”, “meer”, “meest” – many, more, most. And a few more examples– [DUTCH SPOKEN] Misschien de leukste stad. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Volgende keer beter. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Dat is lekkerder dan gewone saus. [DUTCH SPOKEN]. Dat is het goedkoopst. So how should we construct these forms?
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To compare, just add -er, like “groot” becomes “groter” – like big and bigger. “vroeg” becomes “vroeger”, like early and earlier. “mooi” becomes “mooier”, meaning, beautiful and more beautiful. Note, however, adjectives ending on -r receive an extra -d, so “lekker” becomes “lekkerder”, and “duur”, “duurder”. To make the superlative form, we add -st. So “groot”, “grootst”, “vroeg”, “vroegst”, “mooi”, “mooist”. So far, for the regular forms. However, like most languages, in Dutch we also have a few irregular forms. We just have to accept this. I’ll read them for you, and you can just read long and look at the translations in English. “veel”, “meer”, “meest”. “weinig”, “minder”, “minst”. “goed”, “beter”, “best”. “graag”, “liever”, “liefst”. Now you’ll see some examples from the dialogues.
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[DUTCH SPOKEN] Is het groter dan je vorige huis? [DUTCH SPOKEN] Dit is het gemakkelijkste recept. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik houd meer van sport. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ja,dat is beter. One final remark, we treat comparatives and superlatives like adjectives. This means that they sometimes receive an extra -e, and sometimes they don’t. So [DUTCH SPOKEN] een goed plan, [DUTCH SPOKEN] een beter plan, [DUTCH SPOKEN] het beste plan. [DUTCH SPOKEN] een kleine stad, [DUTCH SPOKEN] een kleinere stad, [DUTCH SPOKEN]de kleinste stad.
Watch the video about comparatives and superlatives and read the explanation below.
Comparatives and superlatives
Adjectives are used to construct the regular form of the comparative and superlative.
Construction of the comparative
To construct a comparative from an adjective -er is added.
leuk – leuker
mooi – mooier
When an adjective ends in -r, the ending -der is added
lekker – lekkerder
duur – duurder
Construction of the superlative
To construct a superlative from an adjective -st is added.
leuk – leukst
mooi – mooist
lekker – lekkerst
duur – duurst
Irregular forms
Some Dutch comparative and superlative forms are irregular.
For example:
veel – meer – meest many – more – most
weinig – minder – minst little – less – least
goed – beter – best good – better – best
In some cases an -e is added to a comparative or superlative, as with adjectives.
For example
Het idee
het betere idee een beter idee
De baan
de leukere baan een leukere baan
Practise with Quizlet
Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on comparatives and superlatives on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).
Do you have any questions about Dutch grammar? Follow the links below for more information. Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.
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