The international commitment to eliminate trachoma
- Control is the reduction in disease incidence, prevalence, intensity, morbidity or mortality (or a combination of these) to a locally acceptable level. Activities to maintain the reduction are required, for example, as used for diarrhoeal disease.
- Elimination of infection (interruption of transmission) implies that disease incidence has been reduced to zero or below the acceptable threshold, in a defined geographical area as a result of deliberate efforts. Continued measures to prevent re-establishment of transmission is required. Examples are measles, poliomyelitis.
- ‘Elimination as a public health problem’ is used only upon achievement of measurable targets for control set by countries. Trachoma’s target is elimination as a public health problem.
- Eradication is the permanent reduction to zero of the worldwide incidence of infection and further continued action is not required: for example, smallpox.
Global trachoma eliminationWith this in mind, the strategy to eliminate trachoma as a public health problem has specific targets to attain. The plan is built on a framework of:
- Urgency to reduce the suffering of people affected by trachoma.
- Accountable ownership – countries lead their own elimination efforts and solicit coordination from donors and partners.
- Integration of trachoma activities at a local level with those for neglected tropical disease (NTDs), universal eye health, national health service development and/or water and sanitation programmes.
- Efficient, coordinated partnerships to scale up intervention and increase coverage within a country and globally across all affected countries.
- Tailoring of implementation to local data and knowledge.
Our purpose is to transform access to education.
We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.
We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.