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Principles of monitoring

Watch this video to learn to define monitoring, explain process, outcome, and impact indicators and to explore the role of managers in monitoring.

Monitoring is the ongoing analysis of the progress of a programme using a pre-planned system.

A monitoring framework should always be set up when a programme is planned. The monitoring framework sets out the inputs, outputs, outcomes and impacts of the project.

Table. Monitoring framework elements: Examples for trachoma elimination programmes

Monitoring framework Examples
Inputs – what is invested Staff, volunteers, time, money, materials, equipment, technology, partners
Outputs – activities and who we reach Conduct outreach surgeries
Train surgeons
Train health workers for MDA
Distribute antibiotics
Build latrines
Develop information, education and communication (IEC) materials
Reach school children
Reach trichiasis patients
Outcomes – what happens during the programme Number of surgeries provided
Quality of surgery provided
Coverage of MDA
Coverage of IEC activities
Increase in latrine use and reduction in open defecation
Improved access to water supply
Impact – did we reach the intended goal? Prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) in adults
Prevalence of trachomatous inflammation–follicular (TF) amongst children

As you watch this video consider what are the possible internal and external factors that can affect the process indicators in trachoma elimination.

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Eliminating Trachoma

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