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Examples of linking words and phrases

Examples of linking words and phrases
© University of Reading
This table shows some common prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs used in academic writing.
Language functionPrepositions/ prepositional phrases (come before noun phrases)Conjunctions (join two clauses in one sentence)Adverbs/Adverbial phrases (join two sentences)
Cause/effectbecause of, due tobecauseas a result, therefore
Oppositiondespite, in spite ofbut, although, even thoughhowever
Contrast but whereason the other hand
Addition andfurthermore, in addition, moreover
Examplesuch as for example
Here are some more prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs used in academic writing, but this time the words and phrases are not organised by meaning. Make sure you understand their meaning before using them.
Prepositions/prepositional phrases(come before noun phrases)Conjunctions (join two clauses in one sentence)Adverbs/Adverbial phrases (join two sentences)
according to, in terms of, in case of, except for, apart from, instead ofprovided (that), unless, in casesimilarly, likewise, firstly, secondly, thirdly, in conclusion
This table shows some common prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs used in academic writing.

Language functionPrepositions/ prepositional phrases (come before noun phrases)Conjunctions (join two clauses in one sentence)Adverbs/Adverbial phrases (join two sentences)
Cause/effectbecause of, due tobecauseas a result, therefore
Oppositiondespite, in spite ofbut, although, even thoughhowever
Contrast but whereason the other hand
Addition andfurthermore, in addition, moreover
Examplesuch as for example
© University of Reading
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