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Watch and read: articles

Watch and / or read the explanation and examples on this part of Frisian grammar: articles. Also: learn how to practice Frisian grammar.

In the next steps, you will learn the basics of Frisian grammar. In our view, grammar is a practical tool for structuring the ideas and thoughts you want to express. Grammar is not a goal in itself, but it can be a great help.

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In Frisian we have two definite articles – de and it – and one indefinite article – in. All three words have the same unstressed vowel sound [ə].

Definite article
A singular noun is either a de-wurd (de universiteit) or an it-wurd (it teater).
Diminutives are always it-wurden (it suske).
Plural nouns are always de-wurden. So it is de universiteiten, de teaters and de suskes, regardless the singular form.

Indefinite article
The indefinite article of every singular noun is in.
So it is in universiteit, in teater and in suske.
The plural has no indefinite article: universiteiten, teaters, suskes.

Reduced forms
The articles de and it have reduced forms in both speech and writing. De is often reduced and written as ‘e when it follows a preposition of one syllable:

de bibleteek the library
yn ‘e bibleteek in the library
Ik sil yn ‘e bibleteek studearje. I’m going to study in the library.

It is often reduced and written as ‘t:

Ha jim it nei ‘t sin? Are you enjoying yourselves?
Ik wenje yn ‘t sintrum. I live in the city centre.
Hoe is ‘t? How are you?

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Frisian grammar? Please visit our grammar section on articles on Quizlet (you might like to open this link in a new window).

Do you have any questions about Frisian grammar? Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.

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Introduction to Frisian

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