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Final vowels

There are 36 finals altogether, we will learn 18 of them.

a o e i u ü er these seven are the simple vowels.

Most of the simple vowels are also the basic vowels in many languages, such as a o i u. They are easy to pronounce. While e, ü and er maybe a bit challenging for you.

When pronouncing “ü” sound, you can first pronounce “i”, and let the tongue stays, just change your lips to form a perfect circle as small as possible.

Although there are two letters in “er”, it is a single sound. You can first pronounce “e”, then roll up the tip of your tongue backward. Make sure your tongue touches nowhere.

Now let’s move on to the compound finals, “ai ei ao”, when pronouncing these finals, the first sound is pronounced louder and longer than the second one.

Next group, “ia ua uo ie üe”, when pronouncing these compound finals, the second sound is louder and longer than the first one.

Next “uai uei iao”, the sound in the middle should be the loudest and longest one.

Attention, “uei” is written as “ui” in the syllable, the middle letter “e” is omitted, so when pronouncing ui, don’t forget to add the e in your mind.

Sometimes though the same letter is used in different finals, the actual pronunciation could be slightly different

e ei ie üe

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HSK Standard Course Level 1: 1.1

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