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Birth rates are falling

Data from various sources show that birth rates are falling globally.
© Adam Smith Center, Singapore

Statistics show a more optimistic picture than what overpopulation alarmists have presented. Fertility rates have been and are declining around the world, and as education and prosperity increase, families engage in better future planning.

According to the data, the world population has stabilized, with birth rates falling significantly in previously overpopulated regions. The picture of ever more babies being born into overcrowded streets simply doesn’t hold. In fact, global fertility has halved over the past five decades. Several factors drive this trend: the empowerment of women, increasing access to education and contraception, declining child mortality (which means couples would not procreate excessively to ensure that some children survive), and the rising cost of bringing up children.

Children per woman graph. Measured as the total fertility rate, which is the number of children that would be born to the average woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children at the current age-specific fertility rates. The graph shows that in 1950, this was 5 children per woman, and in 2020, this was 2.5 children per woman. Click to expand

Source: Our World in Data

© Adam Smith Center, Singapore
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Overpopulation: Resource Depletion and Human Innovation

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