Skip main navigation

£199.99 £139.99 for one year of Unlimited learning. Offer ends on 28 February 2023 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply

Find out more

Discoveries and Accomplishments of the Early 21st Century

In 2006, Fire and Mello were awarded Nobel Prize in medicine for the RNA interference work in animals …in animals. Although the Nobel Prize was not given for the RNA interference work in plant. In 2007, FDA concluded that genetically modified food product are safe including the animal meat. In 2008, as I mention earlier, these three people Chalfie, Shimomura, and Tsien won a Nobel Prize because the work on green fluorescence protein. They also use it as a reporter gene. In 2008, the same year, Craig Venter Institute created the largest man-made DNA which composed of close to six thousand …six hundred thousand base pairs.
So synthetic life is not that far-fetched since people can or scientists can synthesize DNA with that many base pairs. Of course, that remaining is the medical ethics issue. Even now, animal, human cloning is prohibited. Or stem cell research which human embryos are prohibited under the Treaty of the WHO. Made in England in 2009, let me ask you is this a pig or a sheep?
Actually, it’s a pig with curly hair. So that the pig would be able to roam around the farmland even in the wintertime because of the long curly hair. And you all know that pigs roaming around the farm produce better meat than those inclosed in the farm cages.

The series of biotechnological discoveries witnessed in the early 21st century point to an ever illuminating future for research scientists in the biomedical and agricultural frontiers

Recount of several important accomplishments in early 21st century:

  • 2006 – Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine for RNAi work in animals
  • 2007 – FDA concluded that food and food products derived from transgenic animal safe
  • 2008 – Chalfie, Shimomura and Tsien awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on reporter gene expression
  • 2008 – J. Craig Venter Institute created largest man-made DNA structure
  • 2009 – First biogenetically engineered pig was produced in England
This article is from the free online

Pharmacotherapy: Understanding Biotechnology Products

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education