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Project definitions

Learn about different definitions and core aspects from these definitions.
Project management is a subject field that has developed over more than 100 years. Therefore, it is no surprise that there exists many different– –definitions and descriptions of Projects and Project management. Instead of presenting a list of different definitions– –the definitions by two well-established associations– –for project management professionals will be presented. One is the Project Management Institute (PMI). And the International Project Management Association (IPMA).
The definition of a project according to PMI is:– –”A temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result”.
And one by IPMA is:– –“A unique, temporary, multi-disciplinary and organized endeavour– –”to realise agreed deliverables within predefined requirements and constraints”.

To increase our understanding of what a project is, further elaboration of the definitions’ content can be useful.

Some project definitions:

  • A temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result (PMI).

  • A unique, temporary, multi-disciplinary and organized endeavour to realise agreed deliverables within predefined requirements and constraints (IPMA).

A project is unique and temporary. That means one of its kind, i.e. to do or/and obtain something that has not been achieved before.

An endeavour implies an attempt to achieve a goal (a deliverable, result, product or service) in an uncertain environment.

Managing constraints is to consider limitations in managing the project, such as time and cost limits, also taking care to limited resources, scope, and requirements stated by different stakeholders.

Multi-disciplinary and organized project implies that the work is structured according to different roles, functions, and responsibilities, and usually in multi-disciplinary teams.

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