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Example 2: Equation of state for ideal gas

Equation of state for adiabatic, reversible expansion of ideal gas

Example : In a gas-spring system

An ideal gas is contained in a cylinder. Initially the pressure, volume and temperature were P1, V1, and T1.
A spring with a spring constant k attaches to the piston as the figure.
The area of piston is A.
The gas expands against the spring by increasing temperature to at constant pressure T2.
What is the displacement?
Let final displacement as Δx

We can address this problem by two approaches; the force balances or the energy balances.

① Force balance at the piston

    The force exerted by the spring due to the displacement is balanced     with the gas pressure

    Ideal gas law holds for all ideal gas

② Energy balance
    Work done by the gas = Energy stored in spring

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Thermodynamics in Energy Engineering

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