Skip main navigation

Training methods

Training methods
Two businesswomen are preparing presentation of project results and putting sticky notes on the wall in the seminar room.
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0

The training models outlined at the start of this week (performance-based instructional design and instructional design system) reveal how training methods are a core part of the design process.

The choice of training method will often depend on the resources available, as well as which style is most suitable for the identified training needs and the general characteristics of the learners engaging in the training.

Training is undertaken in many ways and settings. Broadly speaking, it can be formal or informal.

  • Informal training (or ‘acquisition learning’) is going on all the time. It is concrete and immediate and doesn’t usually end with a test. Examples of this type of learning include parenting, housework and running a home. We are doing it all the time, and often we are teaching ourselves these tasks.

  • Formal training is a type of conscious learning or formalised learning, which arises from the process of facilitated learning. It is ‘educative learning’ rather than an accumulation of experience. To this extent there is a consciousness of learning – people are aware that the task they are engaged in is learning.

We will now take some time to consider some of the most common formal and informal training methods utilised in modern organisations. These include in-house training methods, off-the-job training, apprenticeships, job rotation, role-play/modelling and e-learning.

© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
This article is from the free online

Training and Development at Work: An Introduction

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education