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Gerhard: Symphony No. 3 (Collages)

Listening exercise Here’s something to contrast the previous example, Roberto Gerhard’s ‘Symphony No. 3 (Collages)’ for orchestra and magnetic tape. This is an additional video, hosted on YouTube. ‘Symphony No. …

Gerhard in context

Gerhard in context Unlike Stockhausen, Schaeffer, Varèse and other frequently referenced leading figures of electronic music, Roberto Gerhard was not exposed to new sound-manipulating technology through electronic music studios and …

Gerhard: Libra (1968)

Listening exercise For this listening exercise, we will look at Roberto Gerhard’s composition ‘Libra’. This piece was the start of a series of works named after different zodiac signs, however …

Berk: Diversed Mind (op. 109) (1968)

Listening exercise Here’s a longer piece to sink your teeth into. Ernest Berk is a very different figure to that of Judd. As Ian Helliwell puts it, Berk was ‘one …

Summary

Congratulations on completing the second week! I hope you’ve found the discussions and listening exercises engaging and that we’ve helped to illustrate how and why electronic music in England differed …

Further Listening

There has been a great attempt in recent years to try to document and publish electronic music in England. These publications cover artistic compositions, music for media of the time, …

Baker: Dial M for Murder Theme (1974)

Listening exercise If you open a history book about electronic music, Dr Who is inevitably one of the first examples listed. The science fiction setting made it a natural fit …

The RCM Studio

The RCM Studio In 1966, Tristram Cary prepared a report discussing the feasibility for setting up an electronic music studio in London, outlining the functions of the studio, the equipment …

Cary: Trios (1971)

Listening exercise There are definitely more accessible works by Tristram Cary out there. After all, Cary earnt much of his living from composing film and television soundtracks and a significant …

Techniques of tape manipulation

Tape manipulation There was probably no technology more essential to the evolution of electronic music than the medium of magnetic tape. Tape introduced the portability and malleability needed to record, …

Techniques of sound synthesis

Synthesising sounds We’ve mentioned sound synthesis in a more rudimentary form last week, when we mentioned the WDR’s interest in tools for generating electronic sound. In reality, in the early …