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Positivist victimology and victim precipitation

It has been argued that the main features of positivist victimology are: The identification of factors which contribute to a non-random pattern of victimisation, a focus on interpersonal crimes of …

Theories of victimisation

Traditionally, criminological theory was concerned with those who committed crime. Since the Second World War however, increased academic attention has been focused on those who are victims of this activity. …

Introducing Two Criminological Paradigms

Classicist criminology assumes that the certainty of detection and punishment would deter rational beings from committing crime. What punishment do you feel is appropriate for Pete? Do you consider Pete …

Why do people commit crime?

There is no simple answer to this question. There are a wide range of possible explanations for criminal behaviour and many of these theories will be examined within the course. …

Drugs and crime

Does drug use lead to crime or does crime lead to drug use? Generally, society is more inclined to the view that drug use leads to crime. It is the …

What is a drug?

When we talk about drugs and drug use we often only think about ‘hard’ drugs and this raises a range of different opinions and possible stereotypes. However, a drug is …

Theories of motivation: Sociology

Sociological theories of homicide are more focussed on the social roots that lead to offending rather than the idea that individuals are predisposed to it. Structural and cultural researchers look …

Theories of motivation: Psychology

Other theories suggest that those who commit homicide are psychologically distinct from others. There are countless theories relating to the links between psychology and violence. Some key ones include: Psychoanalytic …

Theories of motivation: Biology

So what are some of the key approaches to understanding why people commit murder? Some theorist suggest that biology is responsible for people becoming perpetrators of murder, with a number …

Confrontational and revenge murder

Confrontational homicide: ‘Characterised as face-to-face spontaneous honour contests. Offender and victim become involved in a spontaneous dispute and engage together in a violent confrontation that leads to the death of …

What is hate crime?

Watch This: UK police might have to enforce wider definition of hate crimes. This is an additional video, hosted on YouTube.

What is murder?

The offence of murder in much of the UK is found in what is known as the Common Law. The Common law system in England and Wales is based on …