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This content is taken from the Coventry University's online course, Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction. Join the course to learn more.

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 seconds We started this course by considering the global impact of the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755. Since then, there have been other earthquakes that have influenced our thinking and views on risk reduction. In 1994, a 6.7 magnitude earthquake ran along the San Andreas Fault and struck Northridge, California. It was the state’s most destructive earthquake in nearly 100 years and its most costly, 57 people died. Five years later, in 1999, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck the Marmara region in northwestern Turkey. Geologically, the Marmara earthquake was almost identical to Northridge and bigger in scale. Yet Marmara had less surface vibration than Northridge.

Skip to 1 minute and 2 seconds But in spite of that, over 17,000 people died in Turkey because building regulations have been ignored and buildings were badly constructed and sited. Building contractors were prosecuted and local officials were publicly condemned.

Skip to 1 minute and 22 seconds Marmara is the perfect example of how ignoring policy ends with disaster. But it’s not just earthquakes we need to consider, it’s all events, whether slow-onset or sudden, environmental or economic, natural or man-made.

Skip to 1 minute and 43 seconds Learning from the past, sharing knowledge and experience at an international level, these are the things that create a path to a sustainable future. If you would like to take a deeper look at how global events influence policy; how those policies are designed to reduce risk; how they link with global objectives for sustainable development; and how they help limit the effects of climate change on our society. Then please join us for the rest of our journey looking at Disaster Risk, Resilience, Adaptation and Sustainability. Looking forward to seeing you soon in the rest of the module.

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Thank you for joining us on this short course, Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction. We hope that you enjoyed the learning experience.

This course is part of the online MSc Disaster Management and Resilience course, offered by Coventry University via the FutureLearn platform.

If you would like to continue learning with Coventry University, you can apply now or register interest to join the full MSc Disaster Management and Resilience degree, which leads to an internationally recognised qualification.

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This video is from the free online course:

Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction

Coventry University