Skip main navigation

What is a skills-based CV and do I need one?

If you’ve been asked to produce a skills-based CV and you’re not sure where to start, then you’ve come to the right place. We’ll take you through everything you need to know about skills-based CVs.

group of people at job interview

CVs come in all sorts of different shapes and sizes, and the template you choose to use is largely down to you. You can usually decide what sort of CV you should use by considering the job itself. For example, you may be in a creative profession and need to include portfolio information – knowing what to include in a CV is an art in itself.

One of the best CV formats to truly promote yourself and your talents, and make you seem like the strongest candidate for the job, is a skills-based CV. This CV format focuses on your career skills and how they can be applied to the role, making you stand out from the crowd. 

But just what is a skills-based CV, and when should you go about using one? Let’s take a look at skills-based CVs and what they’re used for. 

What is a skills-based CV? 

There are three main types of CV – the chronological CV, the combined CV, and the skills-based, or functional CV. A skills-based CV primarily focuses on transferable skills and relevant aspects of your previous roles, providing your prospective employers with crucial information on your abilities and achievements.

This CV format differs from the other formats because it puts the skills that the employers are looking for front and centre, relegating your work experience information to later in the CV. Focussing on essential skills in general can really help with your career development, but it means that you need to know what your potential employer is looking for

What are skills-based CVs used for? 

While all CVs and resumes are designed to show your experience and suitability for a role, a skill-based CV isn’t necessarily used to highlight your previous roles and employment. Instead, you highlight what you learned in those previous roles, and how those skills can be transferred to this new role. 

While a chronological CV is more traditional, skills-based CVs are gaining popularity as you can tailor them to reflect job ads and to focus on your key selling points. If you’re not very experienced or are looking to make a career change, it also allows you to showcase your transferable skills rather than focusing on experience. 

When should I use a skills-based CV?

We’ll start by saying that skills-based CVs aren’t necessary for everyone. If you’re looking to change role within the industry you’re currently working in, or you have plenty of previous relevant experience for the job you’re applying to, a traditional, chronological format CV will suffice. In these instances, an online CV might also be appropriate.

There are some groups that should use a skills-based CV, though. If you fall into one of the following categories, then you should consider writing a skills-based CV. Let’s take a look at when you should use a skills-based CV:

Applying as a graduate

Getting a graduate job can be tricky, but by using a skills-based CV, you can present all the skills you learned while studying and explain how they can be transferred to the role you are applying to. You can also look at previous, non-relevant employment you might have had, and consider the transferable skills.

Making a career change

If you are considering a career change, a skills-based CV can help show prospective employers your relevant and transferable skills that you learned during your previous employment. Often when changing careers, your previous work experience won’t be relevant, but you’ll have plenty of transferable skills.

Turning a hobby or a passion into a career

The novelist Mark Twain once said, ‘find a job you enjoy doing, and you’ll never have to work a day in your life’, which certainly rings true if you’re considering turning your side hustle or your passion into your career. 

Again, it may well be a completely different industry or domain to the one you have most of your experience in, but by writing a skills-based CV, you’ll prove your enthusiasm and relevant skills to make you the right choice for the role. 

Returning to work after a career gap

Sometimes we might find ourselves in a situation or a position where we are not able to work for an extended period. If you’ve found yourself with a career gap of over a year or are concerned about a ‘skills gap’, using a skills-based CV will highlight the skills you have acquired through those previous roles rather than highlight your employment timeline. 

For instance, if you’ve been a stay-at-home parent, and are looking to re-enter the world of work, it can be tricky to know where to start. A skills-based CV will give you some direction and confidence in applying to the role.

How to write a skills-based CV

Before you start writing your CV, you should go through your previous employment and pick out all the skills you believe to be transferable. Then add to that list with some of the top skills that employers are looking for, and re-read the job ad to see what this specific employer is looking for too. Skills are often broken down into two groups, hard skills, and soft skills. Let’s look at what each entails.

Hard skills

These are more specialised abilities that a job might require you to have. They’re much easier to ‘measure’ than soft skills, as you can enhance your knowledge and understanding in these fields by taking courses and earning qualifications. Taking a course in data analytics, for instance, will reward you with a certificate that is evidence of your skill in the field.

Soft skills

Soft skills are harder to ‘measure’ than hard skills as they are affiliated with cognitive abilities and thought patterns. For instance, problem solving and creativity are two key soft skills that employers look for, as is being able to work collaboratively and expressing emotional intelligence

Once you’ve considered your skillset and put together a solid list, you can get started on writing your CV and giving it a coherent structure. 

Section 1 – personal details

This is where you put your name, your address or where you are based, and your email address and phone number. Some people like to put their LinkedIn information here, but it’s not essential. Other than these pieces of information, you don’t really need to add anything else – some people think that your birthday and nationality are essential, but they’re not necessary.

Section 2 – profile/career objective

This section isn’t the most important section, but if you are lacking in some bits of experience that an employer might be looking for, it can really boost your CV. All it is is a brief introduction to who you are, a little bit about what you’ve done, and where you want to end up. You should spend some time on this section so that you stand out from the other candidates.

Section 3 – skills

This is the most important part of your CV – after all, this section gives its name to this CV format. From your compiled list of skills from previous roles, try and include five or six skills related to the position you are applying to. It’s worth noting that this section will change with every application, so it’s likely you can mention your other skills in another application.

Carefully read the job description and the specifications when writing this section, and note down some of the keywords. Hiring managers often have to go through many CVs, so having words to catch their eye will make them spend longer looking at your CV.

Once you’ve selected your top CV skills, write them out and give a brief example of situations where you have successfully used these skills. These can be anything at all – from hobbies through to paid employment. For instance, if you had to do verbal presentations at university, you have proven communication skills.

Section 4 – employment history

You will have touched upon your employment history in the ‘skills’ section, but you can talk about other roles you have had, relevant or otherwise. This should be on the second page of the CV, as the emphasis is on the skills you acquired in your roles. It’s also worth mentioning any placements or internships you might have had here that could be relevant. 

Section 5 – education

If your employment history isn’t very substantial, it could be worth swapping it out for the education section. Make sure you list any information that could be relevant to the role you’re applying for – for instance, any modules or courses you have taken, and the subjects and grades you were awarded. Also include any relevant technical expertise such as CAD or SAGE.

Section 6 – interests/hobbies

While some may not think that this is an important section to have on your CV, many employers will be interested in what you do in your free time. Plus, if you have relevant interests and hobbies, employers will want to hear about them, and it can lead to a successful interview process if it grabs their attention enough.

Section 7 – references

It’s good practice to put down a couple of names, job titles, and contact details for your references – of course, after you have gotten their permission to do so. You should also put ‘references available upon request’ too – sometimes employers like to talk with a range of references.

Extra CV tips

So those are all the sections you will want to cover when writing your skills-based CV. As well as covering all those points, you’ll want to make sure that the CV is no more than two pages long, and while it can be good to express some design flair, you don’t want to go too overboard. 

Try and avoid any heavy graphics, blocks of colour, or complex formatting, and make sure you use internet-friendly fonts like Times New Roman or Arial. If you have any additional work or a relevant portfolio, it’s worth adding a link to this as well. 

At the end of the day, though, you want to emphasize the relevant skills for the role, so make sure that is your focus.        

Final thoughts 

With so many different types of CV, it can be tricky to know which one best suits your situation. When it comes to skills-based CVs, though, there are only a few instances when it might be necessary for you to write one. Knowing and understanding your situation and what you’re looking to achieve before putting pen to paper will dictate which CV format you should use. 

The crux of the skills-based CV is to demonstrate your skills, and how you can use them in the role you are applying to. Hitting keywords that the employer might have mentioned in the job description and in the specifications in your list of skills will make you stand out so that you’ll end up acing your next remote interview

If you’re on the hunt for a job and you’re looking for some extra help or want to boost your profile and CV, you can take a look at our top ten courses to help you find a job. You’ll learn all about the essential skills that employers are looking for, and how you can sell yourself and succeed in interviews.

FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education

Related stories on FutureLearn