Skip main navigation

Investigation and documentation of torture

4.11 Article:
Investigation and documentation of torture
Doctors and nurses are often the first to witness the devastating effects of torture.

They play an indispensable role in its investigation and documentation. However, health services are generally not equipped in terms of experience and knowledge to deal with the often complex health needs of survivors of gross human rights violations. Health workers may feel ill equipped to cope with the enormity of the problems that survivors face. Examination and documentation of torture is complicated by the fact that survivors often feel ashamed to talk about what has happened to them and disclosure can be experienced as retraumatizing. Sadly, failure to disclose a history of human rights violations or inconsistencies in the claimant’s account may have serious implications for an individual’s right to legal protection and their likelihood of being granted refugee status.

Preparing medico-legal reports is a specialised process and some training is required. The Istanbul Protocol* sets out the principles for the effective documentation of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and can be viewed online.

There are international ethical codes for health professionals that describe their roles in relation to human rights violations and torture. National medical and nursing councils also issue professional codes which their members are expected to follow. The key principle of all healthcare ethics is the duty to always act in the best interests of the patient, regardless of constraints, pressures or contractual obligations.

Please reflect and share your opinion below.
Does the professional code of the national association for your profession describe what you should do in relation to victims of torture? Please mention which country you are from in your comment.
This article is from the free online

Addressing Violence Through Patient Care

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education