Skip main navigation

The Conversational Framework

Diana Laurillard uses this video to introduce the Conversational Framework and the six types of learning it embraces.

The video talks you through the Conversational Framework. a simple distillation of many theories of learning developed over the last hundred years or so, to support teachers in designing for learning.

To design for any type of learning, f2f or online, at any level, it is useful to think this through in the light of what we know about how students learn. The theories have not changed. What it takes to learn the complex concepts and skills in formal education is still the same in spite of great cultural and technological changes. Using the framework to guide the way you plan for your students to learn will help with both campus and online learning contexts.

The video explains the framework and the 6 main types of learning it embraces. It shows how each of these cycles of iterative activity help students develop their concepts and practices and the relationships between them.

The framework is now widely used, and does seem to be a useful way for teachers to think through what the learning design for a session must do to help students learn.

The article in Downloads sets out the definitions of the six learning types, for both conventional and digital methods of teaching.


Can you see how the types of learning you encourage in your students are represented here? Are there any you cannot fit to these 6 types of learning?

This article is from the free online

Blended and Online Learning Design

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education