Can accountability improve the link between development and humanitarian action?
Resilience, climate change and DRRBefore a crisis, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can be an effective strategy for protecting development gains, while also strengthening preparedness and response capacities at different levels.An understanding of accountability in pre-disaster contexts can also help practitioners to think of accountability throughout the disaster/crisis cycle, rather than just seeing it through a response lens only. When exploring ways to integrate accountability into DRR, Luna et al. (2009), consider the developmental aspects of accountability in relation to:
- Systems and processes to address, reconcile and enforce rights and obligations
- Horizontal and vertical accountability mechanisms
- Awareness raising
- Citizen-led accountability initiatives
- Donor accountability
Common ground?While some progress is being made, generally there is still a siloed approach to both development and humanitarian activity with more work needed to identify common ground, frameworks and practice and build this into humanitarian structures and systems.Some steps are being taken by different organisations to improve the links and transition from humanitarian action in to development including:
- Building contextual risk assessment into developmental programme planning
- Building resilience/risk reduction/climate change adaptation considerations in to recovery planning
- Strengthening contextual analysis as part of response and recovery programming
- Donors moving towards multi-year funding cycles
- Use of common participatory tools
- Why is it important to strengthen the links between humanitarian and developmental actors?Think of a context such as Haiti where there are recurrent humanitarian crises and deep underlying vulnerabilities.
- How might the links between development and humanitarian interventions be improved through greater accountability?
- Were these links to be improved, what improvements might you see in a future humanitarian response?’
ReferencesCHS Alliance (2018) Humanitarian Accountability Report. Geneva: CHS AllianceDubois, M. (2018) The New Humanitarian Basics. London: ODILuna, E. et al. (2009) ‘Pathways to Accountability for DRR: The Role of Civil Society Organisations’. Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction for Natural Hazards: Putting Research into Practice. held 4-6 November 2009 at University College London
Disaster Interventions and the Need for Evaluation, Accountability and Learning
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