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This article concludes the second course. It invites learners to stay updated and to follow future developments in climate adaptation governance.
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Congratulations! You have completed this course!

At this stage, we sincerely hope that you have learnt a lot about how cities can successfully adapt to environmental and climate change. We hope that at this stage you are able to:

  • Describe the human, ecological, and physical processes that are shaping climate related risks in urban environments.
  • Assess risks and barriers to successful urban adaptation based on concrete case studies.
  • Identify how urban climate governance and urban planning can help build resilience and advance urban adaptation.
  • Apply targeted governance strategies for climate adaptation in urban environments.

If this course has piqued your interest in urban adaptation then there are a lot of online resources that you can explore, some of which are listed below.

For instance, we have also created another course on FutureLearn), called Making Climate Adaptation Happen: Governing Transformation Strategies for Climate Change. This is a four-week course in which you will be able to explore how adaptive governance could help plan for and manage sudden environmental changes.

If you would prefer to listen to our experts on adaptation

Please enjoy the podcast Campus Fryslan Global Cast with lead educator Karsten Schulz and Sander Chan from the Global Center on Adaptation.

For more information regarding research on Climate Adaptation Please take a look at the UG/Campus Fryslân’s Cyan Centre on Climate Change Adaptation.

If you would like to explore some more

Here are a number of useful articles:

Hale, T.N., Chan, S., Hsu, A., Clapper, A., Elliott, C., Faria, P., Kuramochi, T., McDaniel, S., Morgado, M., Roelfsema, M. and Santaella, M. (2020). Sub-and non-state climate action: a framework to assess progress, implementation and impact. Climate Policy, 21 (3), 406-420, DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2020.1828796.

Global Center on Adaptation (2020). State and Trends in Adaptation Report 2020. Rotterdam: GCA.

Schulz, K. A., Gstrein, O. J., & Zwitter, A. J. (2020). Exploring the Governance and Implementation of Sustainable Development Initiatives through Blockchain Technology. Futures, 122, [102611]. DOI: 10.1016/j.futures.2020.102611.

C40 Cities (2018). Summary for Urban Policymakers: What the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C Means for Cities.

Patterson, J., Schulz, K., Vervoort, J., van der Hel, S., Widerberg, O., Adler, C., Hurlbert, M., Anderton, K., Sethi, M. & Barau, A. (2017). Exploring the governance and politics of transformations towards sustainability. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 24, 1-16. DOI: (open access).

Studying at the University of Groningen

You might be interested in exploring our Master of Science in Cultural Geography at the University of Groningen, with a specialization in climate adaptation governance (CAG).

If your interest is much broader, we welcome you to have a look at the Master Degree Programmes offered by the University of Groningen.

Share with others

Please help us let the course reach a wider audience by rating it on a MOOC aggregator such as Class central or MOOC-list.

Thank you for participating! We also invite you to stay updated about future developments in the field of climate adaptation governance and the development of this course.

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Sustainable Cities: Governing Urban Adaptation Under Climate Change

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