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More about adjectives

Grammar
Adjectives wordcloud
© NTNU

ADJECTIVES

In Week 1 we learnt the main pattern for adjectives:

Most adjectives end in -t in the neuter and -e in the plural.
We looked at the Attributive and Predicative forms
Attributive form
Masculine Sing. Feminine Sing. Neuter Sing. Plural
en brun stol ei brun seng et brunt bord brune stoler/senger/bord
a brown chair a brown bed a brown table brown chairs/beds/tables
Predicative form
Masculine Sing. Feminine sing. Neuter Sing. Plural
Stolen er brun Senga er brun Bordet er brunt Stolene/sengene/bordene er brune
The chair is brown The bed is brown The table is brown The chairs/beds/tables are brown
There are however some other patterns for adjectives as well:
Other patterns
  Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
1. en ny kjole ei ny lue et nytt bord nye klær
2. en billig kjole ei billig lue et billig bord billige klær
3. en tysk kjole ei tysk lue et tysk bord tyske klær
4. en praktisk kjole ei praktisk lue et praktisk bord praktiske klær
5. en moderne kjole ei moderne lue et moderne bord moderne klær
6. en grønn kjole ei grønn lue et grønt bord grønne klær
1. One-syllable adjectives ending in a stressed vowel take -tt in the neuter (ny – new).
2. Adjectives ending in -ig take no –t in the neuter (billig – cheap).
3. Adjectives denoting nationalities ending in -sk take no -t in the neuter (tysk – German).
4. Foreign adjectives ending in -isk take no -t in the neuter (praktisk – practical).
There are however two exeptions to 3. and 4.
The adjectives frisk and fersk do actually take -t in the neuter:
et friskt barn – a healthy child
et ferskt brød – a fresh bread
5. Adjectives ending in -e take no -t in the neuter (moderne – modern).
6. Most adjectives with a double consonant drop one consonant before -t (grønn – green).
Finally, we have two irregular adjectives that follow their own rules and have a special pattern.
Liten (small) og annen (other)
Attributive form
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
en liten bil ei lita bok et lite bord små biler/bøker/bord
a small car a small book a small table small cars/books/tables
en annen bil ei anna bok et annet bord andre biler/bøker/bord
another car another book another table other cars/books/tables
Predicative form
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Bilen er liten Boka er lita Skjerfet er lite Bilene/bøkene/skjerfene er små
The car is small The book is small The scarf is small The cars/books/scarves are small
Annen (other) is not used in predicative form.

Take another look at the pattern list for adjectives from Week 1.

You’ll find it here again, under “Downloads”

© NTNU
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Norwegian for Beginners 2

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