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This content is taken from the University of Southampton's online course, Archaeology of Portus: Exploring the Lost Harbour of Ancient Rome. Join the course to learn more.
Matthew Harrison and Penny Copeland studying a trench at Portus
Matthew Harrison and Penny Copeland studying a trench at Portus

What are the [Extra] sections and who are they for?

As you work through the material on this course you will find a number of activities and steps that we have labelled as [Extra] in their title. For example, the museum collections steps each week include a more extensive optional extra activity.

This extra material will often be looking at a particular issue in more depth and may be tackling more complex ideas and drawing on more specific academic sources. Still, it isn’t aimed at any particular learners - we hope that anyone with the time to spare might enjoy dipping into some of these [Extra] steps. But we also realise that time is often scarce, which is why we have set the four course hours and made sure that the core elements can be completed in this time each week.

Sometimes we also link to published papers and these are also marked as [Extra] links or other resources. Not all of these published sources are available online or in your local library. The free JSTOR Register and Read service may be of interest. In any case, completing the course is in no way dependent on accessing these materials.

You are free to look at and engage with any of this material if you choose but there is no expectation that you should. The quizzes that we will be presenting at the end of each week will not examine material that is covered in the extra sections. Completing the extra sections will almost certainly mean that your study will exceed the four hours allocated each week.

In the next two steps we will learn more about the wealth of data available, and also start addressing some fundamental questions about the site. How did the Claudian harbour at Portus relate to Ostia? What happened during the reign of Claudius? And what are the different phases of occupation at Portus? Let’s find out.


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This article is from the free online course:

Archaeology of Portus: Exploring the Lost Harbour of Ancient Rome

University of Southampton

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