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Stress

Stress patterns in English differ from those in other languages and they can be used to convey meaning. Watch this video and learn more. Note: The video explains that in …

Minimal pairs with and without aspiration

In English, the consonants /p,t,k/ are pronounced with aspiration (extra breath) at the beginning of a syllable, e.g. [phɪt]. In this way, /p,t,k/ are clearly contrasted with /b,d,g/, e.g. [bɪt]. …

Clear and dark l

In English, the consonant ‘l’ can be pronounced two different ways, depending on the position of ‘l’ in a word. The two different pronunciations are called: clear l and dark …

Introduction to week 3: consonants

English has various consonants. Consonants can be described and identified according to three properties. Watch Laura Rupp explain more. You need to understand the information provided by the video in …

Consonant clusters

English has a range of consonant clusters. Some non-native speakers tend to break them up and insert a vowel. However, this breaking up may influence intelligibility. What could help you …

The TRAP vowel

This video explains the history of the TRAP-vowel /æ/ and variation in its pronunciation between British English, American English and other English accents. By the end of the video, you …