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What can be done?

What is the answer to the growing problem of antifungal resistance? The solution is multifaceted and antifungal stewardship is in its heart. Antifungal stewardship aims to treat fungal infections effectively …

What are the challenges?

There are a number of factors that can hinder developing and establishing antifungal stewardship. One of the most common obstacles is lack of knowledge among clinical staff on fungal diseases, …

Benefits of Antifungal Stewardship

As we have seen this week, antifungal stewardship can be a complex and challenging task. Why should we go to the effort of putting these measures in place? There are …

How does Antifungal Resistance occur?

There are many ways a fungus can evade the action of one or more antifungal agents, but the key is exposure to antifungals or related compounds. Some resistance is inherent. …

Antifungal resistance exists

One of the main barriers to successful antifungal stewardship is awareness. Antibiotic stewardship (aimed mainly at common bacterial infections) is now well established in many hospitals. This has led to …

Case Overview- Invasive Aspergilliosis

We have discussed a case of Barbara Bell, a 62-year old woman undergoing chemotherapy for AML. Fever, cough and breathlessness were her presenting symptoms. The differential diagnosis at the time …

How do we treat Invasive Aspergillosis?

The CT scan is reviewed and the medical team take advice from a local Infection specialist. It is felt that, taking into account the patient’s CT findings, neutropenia, symptoms and …

How do we diagnose Invasive Aspergillosis? – Part 1

Diagnosing invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a challenging prospect. As a normally innocuous environmental fungus, Aspergillus can contaminate laboratory samples and colonise the oropharynx, sinuses and endotracheal tubes. The more sensitive …

Case 3: Introduction

Barbara Bell, a 62 year old woman is currently an inpatient on the Haematology ward. She was admitted after presenting with a 7 day history of worsening shortness of breath. …

Risk factors of Invasive Aspergillosis

Aspergillus species are environmental moulds which are ubiquitous. We all inhale hundreds of Aspergillus spores daily. Above, Stained microscopy slide showing Aspergillus fumigatus in a lung alveolus Multiple conditions can …

Case Overview – Disseminated Candidosis

This was a case of Richard Wilson, a 54-year old man who attended the Emergency Department with signs and symptoms of urinary sepsis requiring ICU admission, and who deteriorated clinically …