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Carlos and Seema: the future

Longer term, if diabetes is uncontrolled for a number of months to years, both Carlos and Seema will be at increased risk of a number of serious health problems. Did …

Carlos: a medical emergency

Carlos continues to experience issues with regulating his insulin and during a particularly nasty cold and flu virus forgets to take his insulin. He has very high levels of glucose …

Side effect: allergic reactions

Allergic reactions to insulin are a rare occurrence. The first clue that these are occurring is if the insulin user experiences redness, swelling or itching at the injection site, soon …

Seema: minimising weight gain

Seema has a review with her doctor after being on insulin for a few weeks as she is concerned about her weight … Whilst it can be easier for health …

Side effect: weight gain

Aside from promoting glucose uptake into the body to provide energy, insulin is also an anabolic hormone (i.e. it promotes storage). In uncontrolled diabetes, excess glucose is lost in the …

Carlos: an episode of hypoglycaemia

When Carlos was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, the essential need to self administer insulin was clearly explained to him. The risk of experiencing hypoglycaemia when using insulin was also …

Side effect: hypoglycaemia

In this section we provide you with an overview of the side effects that the use of insulin can be associated with. We start with looking in detail at hypoglycaemia …

Psychological and behavioural reasons

When assessing a person who has diabetes with an unexplained high blood glucose level, it is essential to ensure that they are taking the insulin as advised: Missing doses regularly …

Physical barriers to insulin effectiveness

If someone using insulin reported persistent high blood glucose levels when they tested it, it would be very easy to simply increase the insulin dose. Before this is done, a …

What makes an insulin prescription safe?

As you have already seen, there are over 30 types of insulin available for use by patients with diabetes. Whether working in a community clinic or in a hospital, it …

Insulin use in the treatment of hyperkalaemia

Apart from lowering blood glucose, insulin can also be used in hospital as an emergency treatment for hyperkalaemia, a high risk situation in which the blood potassium level is dangerously …