An ancient mosaic from the site of Zeugma, Turkey. It was destroyed by looters.

Introducing the team

The following antiquities trafficking and art crime experts contributed to the making of this course. You’ll see some of them in the upcoming videos and others participating in online discussion.

Prof Simon Mackenzie (Educator)


Simon Mackenzie is Professor of Criminology at Victoria University of Wellington. He is also a member of the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research at the University of Glasgow. He is a member of the Trafficking Culture research group.

Simon researches and teaches in the areas of white-collar crime, organised crime, and transnational crime, co-ordinating three undergraduate courses under those titles at VUW, and supervising PhD students. His empirical research in recent years has been in qualitative and ethnographic work on trafficking networks in cultural objects, and analytical and threat assessment work in organised crime policing. Simon is a member of the editorial boards of the British Journal of Criminology and the Howard Journal of Crime and Justice.

You can view many of Prof. Mackenzie’s publications here.

Dr Christos Tsirogiannis (Guest Educator)


Christos Tsirogiannis is a Greek forensic archaeologist with expertise on international illicit antiquities networks. He works to identify illicit antiquities depicted in confiscated archives of convicted antiquities dealers and contributes to their return by publishing them in his regular column, “Nekyia”, in The Journal of Art Crime.

Dr Tsirogiannis received his PhD in 2013 from the University of Cambridge, on the international illicit antiquities network viewed through the Robin Symes–Christos Michaelides archive. He has published various cases of previously undetected illicit antiquities.

You can view many of Dr Tsirogiannis’ publications here.

Sarah Gambell (Educator)


Sarah Gambell is a PhD Candidate in Information Studies at the University of Glasgow.

Her research evaluates the tactical value of digitisation for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage in conflict. Focusing primarily on applications in the Middle East (specifically in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan) and the Eastern Mediterranean, she studies the use of databases, haptic 3D models, 3D reconstructed spaces, VR and AR as a means for continued public access to heritage in conflict zones. Her research also seeks to develop the theoretical and ethical frameworks for undertaking systematic digitisation of heritage with regards to conflict, preservation and return.

Sarah recently completed her MSc Collecting and Provenance in an International Context master’s program at the University of Glasgow, where her research focused on the restitution of cultural heritage objects and how digital cultural heritage is managed in policy documents.

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This article is from the free online course:

Antiquities Trafficking and Art Crime

University of Glasgow