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Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds But the edition of the genomes has generated a lot of social problems, there are parts of the society against the modification of the genomes because they have done a kind of sacralisation of the genomes, like the genome being in a summit of life and being untouchable. We know that this is not the case and the only thing we have to do is to have the proper social control of health and contamination of other crops. In all the cases studied, in all the cases, the use of the genetically modified organism in food has been demonstrated to be perfectly healthy and till now the contamination of other crops has been seen of very small importance. In fact, biotechnology changes, advances a lot.

Skip to 1 minute and 15 seconds Socially we have to be prepared of dealing with that seeing clearly the advantages and the inconveniences, but always with the truth, with the real world because we have seen in 2017 that a letter against the contrary people of transgenic has had a very strong potential, a very strong accord. Because Greenpeace has been an organization that most people think that they have hidden part of the truth and they had gone against the GMOs too far away and a letter of hundred and nine Nobel prices with lots, thousands of other scientists, has been very strong against Greenpeace and against the position of Greenpeace against the golden rice as a new tool.

Skip to 2 minutes and 35 seconds We are thus in a place, in a situation in which we have the possibility of changing genes, and some people begin thinking that may be is not just changing one or a few things, a few genes in an organism, but technology is going to allow –not now but in the future– to write fully organisms and in 2017 the Genome Project-Write was announced saying “Guys, maybe we should begin writing a whole genome”. There are social problems much stronger than the biological problems. Not everything that is acceptable scientifically is acceptable socially; everything of these technologies has a strong economic impact which has to be dealt separately from the biological pure problem.

Skip to 3 minutes and 45 seconds What we need on that is more information, we need to know exactly what is the biological part, what is the social and economic part. We need to have much more information, we need to have criteria; an opinion usually doesn’t have a strong base. Our criteria is the one that is going to define our position in the future because, let’s admit that genetic engineering is a tool that humans will use in the future.

Intervention on the genomes. Part 5

Genetic engineering refers to the modification, manipulation, or direct changing of an organism’s genes using biotechnology.

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Why Biology Matters: The Genome and You

Pompeu Fabra University Barcelona