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Skip to 0 minutes and 10 seconds LI Hui: Amy, what are you doing?

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 seconds LI Yameng: I’m looking at the photo of my family that my father sent me just now.

Skip to 0 minutes and 16 seconds LI Hui: Can I take a look?

Skip to 0 minutes and 17 seconds LI Yameng: Sure. Wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén. Bàba māma hé wǒ.

Skip to 0 minutes and 26 seconds LI Hui: Wow. Such a happy family.

Skip to 0 minutes and 30 seconds Let’s take a look at the sentence “Wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén.”, which means “there are three people in my family.” You can replace “sān” with other numbers.

Skip to 0 minutes and 45 seconds LI Yameng: Now let’s review how do you count numbers in Chinese. Yī, èr, sān, sì, wǔ.

Skip to 0 minutes and 59 seconds Please fill in the blank by yourself. Wǒ jiā yǒu __ kǒu rén.

Skip to 1 minute and 7 seconds For example, “Wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén.” “Yǒu” means “to be” or “to have”.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 seconds LI Yameng: Lydia, nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?

Skip to 1 minute and 18 seconds LI Hui: Wǒ jiā yǒu sì kǒu rén.

Skip to 1 minute and 19 seconds LI Yameng: Nǐ yǒu xiōngdìjiěmèi ma?

Skip to 1 minute and 26 seconds Do you have any siblings?

Skip to 1 minute and 28 seconds LI Hui: Duì,wǒ yǒu gēge The question “Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?” means “how many members there are in your family.” “Jǐ” is a question word for numbers.

Skip to 1 minute and 45 seconds Nǐ yǒu gēge ma? Do you have an elder brother? The negative form is “méiyǒu” like “Wǒ méiyǒu gēge.” I don’t have an elder brother.

Skip to 2 minutes and 2 seconds LI Yameng: You will notice that in the sentence “Wǒ jiā yǒu sì kǒu rén”, there is the word “kǒu”. In English, you just say four people. But in Chinese, we put a measure word between the number and the noun. Well, “kǒu” is a measure word for family members since “kǒu”, mouth refers to family members who need to eat everyday.

Skip to 2 minutes and 32 seconds LI Hui: You know what Amy? In fact, I’ve got a new family recently.

Skip to 2 minutes and 36 seconds LI Yameng: Oh really? Congratulations.

Skip to 2 minutes and 38 seconds LI Hui: Thanks.

Skip to 2 minutes and 39 seconds LI Yameng: Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?

Skip to 2 minutes and 40 seconds LI Hui: Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén.

Skip to 2 minutes and 44 seconds We live together with my husband’s parents and his younger sister.

Skip to 2 minutes and 48 seconds LI Yameng: Such a big family.

Skip to 2 minutes and 50 seconds LI Hui: Yeah, right. Just as Chinese cultural traditions, all the family members live under the same roof.

Skip to 2 minutes and 57 seconds LI Yameng: Yeah.

Skip to 2 minutes and 59 seconds LI Hui: Well, let’s take a review. If you want to know how many family members there

Skip to 3 minutes and 4 seconds are in someone’s family, in Chinese you can say:

Skip to 3 minutes and 8 seconds LI Yameng: Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?

Skip to 3 minutes and 11 seconds LI Hui: And if you want to know whether someone has any siblings or not in Chinese, you can say–

Skip to 3 minutes and 18 seconds LI Yameng: Nǐ yǒu xiōngdìjiěmèi ma?

How to introduce family members

Family is a classic topic in China. This video is about family members and relationships.

If you want to know how many family members there are in someone’s family, you can use the following sentence pattern.

audio

  • 你家有几口人? (Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?)
  • how many members are there in your family?

The answer of this question is
我(Wǒ) 家(jiā) 有(yǒu) +number+ 口(kǒu) 人(rén).

If you want to know whether someone has any siblings or not, in Chinese you can ask “你有兄弟姐妹吗? (Nǐ yǒu xiōngdìjiěmèi ma?)” The negative form of “有(yǒu)” is “没有(méiyǒu)”.

So if you don’t have any siblings, you can answer like “我没有兄弟姐妹。(Wǒ méiyǒu xiōngdìjiěmèi)”.

Family members and relationships are the important part of the cultural tradition. If you are interested to know the Chinese family values or other words related to the family members, please feel free to leave us comments.

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Introduction to Chinese: Conversation

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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