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Skip to 0 minutes and 1 second [PIANO MUSIC]

Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds Li Hui: Amy, I want to go back now.

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 seconds Li yameng: Lydia, nǐ zěnmele?

Skip to 0 minutes and 13 seconds Li Hui: Wǒ tóuténg.

Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds Li yameng:Nǐ bìng le ma?

Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds Li Hui: Méiyǒu.Wǒ tài lèi le.

Skip to 0 minutes and 21 seconds Li yameng: Are you familiar with this context in your life? If someone doesn’t feel very well, you can ask him or her “Nǐ zěnmele”. “Zěnmele” means “what’s the matter”. It’s used to inquire about the condition of someone. Try to answer these questions using the following words. kùn,è, bìng, lèi. Tā zěnmele?

Skip to 0 minutes and 45 seconds Li Hui:Tā kùn le. Tā è le. Tā bìng le. Tā lèi le.

Skip to 1 minute and 6 seconds Amy, I want to go back first.

Skip to 1 minute and 8 seconds Li yameng: Nǐ zěnmele?

Skip to 1 minute and 9 seconds Li Hui: Wǒ yǒudiǎnr fāshāo.

Skip to 1 minute and 9 seconds Li yameng: Nà nǐ xīu xixīuxi ba.

Skip to 1 minute and 10 seconds Li Hui: Hǎode.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 seconds Li yameng: I will introduce the words about illness. Please try to memorise these three words. Tā zěnmele? Tóuténg, fāshāo, lādùzi.

Skip to 1 minute and 33 seconds Li Hui: Amy, nǐ jīntiān wǎnshàng zuò shénme?

Skip to 1 minute and 35 seconds Li yameng: Wǒ jīntiān wǎnshàng yào zài jiā xīuxi. Nǐ ne?

Skip to 1 minute and 35 seconds Li Hui: Wǒ tóu hěn téng. Wǒ xiǎng qù yīyuàn kànbìng.

Skip to 1 minute and 36 seconds Li yameng: Wǒ péi nǐ ba.

Skip to 1 minute and 47 seconds I will go with you.

Skip to 1 minute and 48 seconds Li Hui: Oh, you are so kind. Let’s take a look at this sentence. Wǒ jīntiān wǎnshàng yào zài jiā xīuxi.

Skip to 2 minutes and 3 seconds I want to rest at home tonight. “Zài” means at or in. Such as “zài Zhōngguó”, “zài Shànghǎi”, “zài xuéxiào”, “zài jiā”.

Skip to 2 minutes and 22 seconds Chinese is different from the sentence structure in English because we always put the time or location before the verb. For example, “zài Shànghǎi xúe Zhōngwén”, “zài jiiā xīuxi”.

Skip to 2 minutes and 41 seconds If the time and the location words both occur in a sentence, the time word is put before the location word. Please put the following words in the correct order.

Skip to 2 minutes and 55 seconds Wǒ wǎnshàng zài FutureLearn xué Zhōngwén. Wǒ hé bàba māma xīngqītiān wǎnshàng zài jiā chīhuǒguō.

Skip to 3 minutes and 15 seconds “Yào” can also refer to the future tense, meaning “will do something”. For example, wǒ xiàwǔ yào xúe Zhōngwén. Wo xiàwǔ yào zài xúexiào xué Zhōngwén.

Skip to 3 minutes and 34 seconds Li yameng: We have learned two useful phrases. The first one is “Nǐ zěnmele”. Do you remember in what kind of situation we would use this question?

Skip to 3 minutes and 45 seconds Li Hui: The second one is “Wǒ jīntiān wǎnshàng yào zài jiā xīuxi”.

Skip to 3 minutes and 52 seconds Don’t forget to put the time and location words before the verb, and make sure to practise more.

How to express health problems

At the beginning of this video, the instructor Lydia doesn’t look very well and then, her partner, Amy, asks her a question.

audio

  • 你怎么了? (nǐ zěnmele?) What’s the matter with you?

Here is a wordlist which can help you to answer the above question.

  • 困(kùn) sleepy
  • 饿(è) hungry
  • 病(bìng) sick
  • 累(lèi) tired

In order to answer the question, you can put the word between “我(wǒ)” and “了(le)”.

Here are some other words about illness.

  • 头疼(tóuténg) headache
  • 发烧(fāshāo) have a fever
  • 拉肚子(lādùzi) have diarrhea

In Chinese, the sentence pattern for general actions is as follows.

Subject + Time + 在 Location + Verb
我晚上在家学中文。 (Wǒ wǎnshang zài jiā xué Zhōngwén.)
I study Chinese at home tonight.

“在(zài)” means “at” or “in”,
such as

  • “在中国(zài Zhōngguó)”
  • ”在上海(zài Shànghǎi)”
  • “在学校(zài xuéxiào)”
  • “在家(zài jiā)”

Chinese is different from the sentence structure in English, because we always put the time or location before the verb.

For example,

  • “在上海学中文(zài Shànghǎ xué Zhōngwén)”
  • ”在家休息(zài jiā xiūxi)”

If the time and the location words both occur in a sentence, the time word is put before the location word.

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Introduction to Chinese: Conversation

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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