Skip to 0 minutes and 1 second[PIANO MUSIC]
Skip to 0 minutes and 8 secondsLi Yameng: Lydia,zhōumò nǐ xiǎng zuò shénme?
Skip to 0 minutes and 10 secondsLi Hui: Xīngqīliù xiàyǔ, wǒ xiǎng shuìjiào. Xīngqītiān bú xiàyǔ, wǒ xiǎng hé mèimei qù kàndiànyǐng.
Skip to 0 minutes and 21 secondsLi Yameng: Xīngqītiān bú xiàyǔ ma? It has been raining for a whole week in Shanghai. Finally, I can go out.
Skip to 0 minutes and 28 secondsLi Hui: Yeah. So here, can you guess the meaning of "xiàyǔ"? You may get the answer from this picture. "Xiàyǔ" means to rain.
Skip to 0 minutes and 41 secondsLi Yameng: Here are some words about climate. Please read after me. "qíngtiān","yīntiān", "xiàyǔ", "xiàxuě", "guāfēng"
Skip to 0 minutes and 59 secondsLi Hui: Amy, you are from central part of China, Wuhan, right?
Skip to 1 minute and 2 secondsLi Yameng: Right.
Skip to 1 minute and 3 secondsLi Hui: Wǔhàn zhōumò tiānqì zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 1 minute and 4 secondsLi Yameng: Xīngqīliù qíngtiān, dànshì xīngqītiān yīntiān. Sìchuān zhōumò tiānqì zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 1 minute and 4 secondsLi Hui: Xīngqīliù yīntiān, xīngqītiān yě yīntiān.
Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsIt's always cloudy in Sichuan. I don't like it.
Skip to 1 minute and 22 secondsLi Yameng: "Zěnmeyàng" can be used for asking about the condition of something. Here, we can put in different topics. For example, if the topic is "tiānqì", "tiānqì zěnmeyàng" is about the weather condition. It means how is the weather. If the topic is about food, then "zěnmeyàng" can refer to the condition of the food. For example, "huǒguō zěnmeyàng" means how is the hotpot.
Skip to 1 minute and 56 secondsDon't forget to put the topic before "zěnmeyàng". For instance, Lydia, jīntiān tiānqì zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 2 minutes and 3 secondsLi Hui: Jīntiān hěn rè.
Skip to 2 minutes and 8 secondsIt's very hot today.
Skip to 2 minutes and 11 secondsLi Yameng: When we describe the weather, we like to use words that indicate to what extent something is by putting them in front of adjectives. For example, "hěn" can be used to express to what extent something is. Jīntiān hěn rè. Jīntiān hěn lěng.
Skip to 2 minutes and 35 seconds"Tài" adjective "le" holds a stronger degree of emphasis than "hěn". To use this structure, simply place the adjective between "tài" and "le". For example, "Jīntiān tài rè le".
Skip to 2 minutes and 55 seconds"Yǒudiǎnr" means a little bit. Here is an example. Jīntiān yǒudiǎnr rè.
Skip to 3 minutes and 3 secondsIf we want to express the negative meaning, we can put "bù" before the adjective, or "bú tài" before the adjective. "Bú tài" means not that much. Please take a look at these two examples. Jīntiān bú rè. Jīntiān bú tài rè.
Skip to 3 minutes and 27 secondsLi Hui: Amy, Wǔhàn jīntiān tiānqì zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 3 minutes and 29 secondsLi Yameng: Wǔhàn jīntiān yǒudiǎnr lěng.
Skip to 3 minutes and 29 secondsLi Hui: Duōshào dù?
Skip to 3 minutes and 29 secondsLi Yameng: Jīntiān 3 dào 10 dù.
Skip to 3 minutes and 40 secondsLi Hui: "Dù" means degree. "Duōshào dù" is a question asking what the temperature is. If you want to describe the weather's temperature, just put "dù" after the number. For instance, "10 dù" means 10 degrees Celsius. Here's another example. 3 dào 10 dù. 3 to 10 degrees. "Dào" indicates ...to... To say minus, we say "língxià" which means below zero in Chinese. For instance, "língxià 10 dù" means minus 10 degrees Celsius.
Skip to 4 minutes and 32 secondsLi Yameng: We all know that China is a big country, so the climate is fairly different between the northern and the southern sides. Lydia, I know you grew up in your northern province called "Shānxī". Shānxī de dōngtiān qìhòu zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 4 minutes and 45 secondsLi Hui: Shānxī de dōngtiān hěn lěng,yě hěn gānzào.
Skip to 4 minutes and 53 secondsSo every time I go back to visit my parents, my nose and my throat feel uncomfortable. Amy, nǐ juéde Shànghǎi de dōngtiān qìhòu zěnmeyàng?
Skip to 5 minutes and 0 secondsLi Yameng: Wǒ juéde Shànghǎi de dōngtiān hěn lěng yě hěn cháoshī.
Skip to 5 minutes and 9 secondsLi Hui: If you want to know today's weather condition, you can ask--
Skip to 5 minutes and 13 secondsLi Yameng: Jīntiān tiānqì zěnmeyàng? You can answer--
Skip to 5 minutes and 17 secondsLi Hui: Jīntiān yīntiān, yǒudiǎnr lěng.
Skip to 5 minutes and 21 secondsLi Yameng:To ask about the temperature, you can say--
Skip to 5 minutes and 24 secondsLi Hui: Jīntiān duōshǎo dù? But the question is for you to answer.
How to express the weather and temperature
This video concentrates on the weather and temperature.
The most common way to inquire about today’s weather is by using “怎么样(zěnmeyàng)” as below.
今天天气怎么样？ (Jīntiān tiānqì zěnmeyàng?) How is the weather today?
“”今天(jīntiān)“ means “today”. “天气(tiānqì)” refers to the weather. “怎么样(zěnmeyàng)” can be used for asking about the condition of something.
The topic before “怎么样(zěnmeyàng)” can be changed to other things like “火锅(huǒguō)”, “火锅怎么样？(Huǒguō zěnmeyàng?)”
When we describe the weather, we like to use words that indicate to what extent something is and put them in front of adjectives.
Here are some examples.
- 很(hěn) very (much)
今天很热。 (Jīntiān hěn rè.) It is very hot today.
- 有点儿(yǒudiǎnr) a little bit
今天有点儿热。 (Jīntiān yǒudiǎnr rè.) It is a little hot today.
- 不太(bútài) not that (much)
今天不太热。 (Jīntiān bútài rè.) Today it is not that hot.
The typical way to ask about today’s temperature is as follows.
今天多少度？ (Jīntiān duōshao dù?) What’s the temperature today?
The measurement of temperature is “度(dù) degree”. China uses Celsius to measure the temperature. In order to answer this question, you just need to put the number before “度(dù)”.
Here are three examples for you to better understand how to answer this question.
- 今天多少度？ (Jīntiān duōshao dù?) 今天10度。(Jīntiān 10 dù.) Today is 10 degrees.
- 今天多少度？ (Jīntiān duōshao dù?) 今天3到10度。(Jīntiān 3 dào 10 dù.) Today is 3 to 10 degrees.
- 今天多少度？ (Jīntiān duōshao dù?) 今天零下10度。(Jīntiān língxià 10 dù.) Today is minus 10 degrees.
“到(dào)” indicates “…to…”. “零下(língxià)”means “below zero”.
If you would like to know more expressions to describe the weather, you might find the following list of words useful.
- 冷(lěng) cold
- 热(rè) hot
- 干燥(gānzào) dry
- 潮湿(cháoshī) moist
- 下雨(xiàyǔ) rain
- 多云(duōyún) partially cloudy
- 晴天(qíngtiān) sunny day
- 阴天(yīntiān) cloudy day
- 四季如春(sìjìrúchūn) like spring all year around
When you talk about the climate, you may start with “Subject 觉得(juéde)” which means “In someone’s opinion”. For example, “我觉得上海很潮湿(Wǒ juéde Shànghǎi hěn cháoshī.)” means “I think the climate in Shanghai is humid”.
© Shanghai International Studies University