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Skip to 0 minutes and 10 seconds Xīxi, kuài shànglai, wǒmen yào shàngkè le. Qítā de tóngxué dōu shànglai le ma ehái chà Lǐ Míng méiyǒu lái.

Skip to 0 minutes and 19 seconds Here lái is placed after the verb shàng as a complement. And it shows the direction of shàng. It’s called simple directional complement. jiǎndān qūxiàng bǔyǔ.

Skip to 0 minutes and 36 seconds If the action moves towards the speaker, we use lái. And if the action moves away from the speaker, we use qù. First, let’s look at verb plus lái. Here, the action moves towards the speaker. Some examples are shànglai xiàlai jìnlai chūlai huílai guòlai .

Skip to 1 minute and 11 seconds shànglai: Tā shànglai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 16 seconds xiàlai: Wǒ xiàlai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 21 seconds jìnlai, Bàba jìnlai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 25 seconds chūlai, Bàba chūlai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 29 seconds huílai, Māma huílai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 34 seconds guòlai, Gōngjiāochē guòlai le.

Skip to 1 minute and 41 seconds With verb plus qù the action moves away from the speaker. Some examples include shàngqu xiàqujìnqu chūqu huíqu guòqu.

Skip to 2 minutes and 2 seconds shàngqu , Wǒ shàngqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 8 seconds xiàqu , Tā xiàqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 13 seconds jìnqu Tā jìnqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 18 seconds chūqu Wáng Xiǎobǎo chūqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 23 seconds huíqu Xīxi huíqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 29 seconds guòqu Tā guòqu le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 36 seconds Now, let’s do some exercises. Please fill in the blanks, depending on the action’s direction.

Skip to 2 minutes and 46 seconds If I am outside, I could say Wàimian tài lěng le wǒ yào (jìnqu ).

Skip to 2 minutes and 56 seconds If mum is in the house, mum could say, Wàimian tài lěng le nǐ kuài (jìnlai )ba!

Skip to 3 minutes and 6 seconds If I am downstairs, I could say, Wǒ zài lóuxia děng nǐ nǐ kuài diǎnr (xiàlai ) If a man is on top of a mountain, he could say, Shānshang de fēngjǐng měi jílenǐmen kuàidiǎnr (shànglai )ba!

Skip to 3 minutes and 31 seconds Remember, the structures we have learned are verb plus lái. and verb plus qù. Now, let’s listen to our dialogue to end the lesson. Wǒ yǐjing zài xuéxiào ménkǒu le nǐguòlai le ma Wǒ dào lenǐ zhànzai ménkǒu bié dòngwǒ mǎshàng guòqu zhǎo nǐ.

Skip to 3 minutes and 57 seconds Nǐ zěnme zhème mànkuàidiǎnr guòlai Wǒ zǒu bú dòng lewǒ qí zìxíngchē guòqu.Hǎo ma?

Skip to 4 minutes and 6 seconds Hǎo banà nǐ kuàilái bawǒ děng nǐ.

Introducing simple directional complements

In this video we learn 简单趋向补语“来” 和“去” jiǎndān qūxiàng bǔyǔ “lái” hé “qù”(the simple directional complement “来” and“去” ). The structure is: verb +来 or verb +去 Here the complement “来” and“去” shows the direction of the verb. If the action moves towards the speaker or proceeds towards the object under discussion,we use “来”, and if the action moves away from the speaker or proceeds away from the object under discussion,we use“去”.

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For example:
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The following table is the main simple directional complements, notice that the verb “起qǐ”is special,it can only be used with “Lai” to form a directional complement,means “get up”.

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The following is Chinese and English Version of Situational Dialogue in the Video:

西西:我已经在学校门口了,你过来了吗?

王小宝:我到了,你站在门口别动,我马上过去找你。

西西:你怎么这么慢,快点过来!

王小宝:我走不动了,我骑自行车过去。

西西:好吧,那你快来吧,我等你。

Xīxi:I’m already at the school gate. Are you coming?

Wáng Xiǎobǎo:I’m here. You stay at the door and don’t move. I ‘ll be right there.

Xīxi:Why are you so slow? Come on!

Wáng Xiǎobǎo:I am so tired to walk. I will go there by bike.

Xīxi:Well, hurry up, I’ll wait for you.

© Shanghai International Studies University

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Introduction to Chinese: Grammar

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