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Skip to 0 minutes and 15 secondsWell, then another example I want to give you about natural heritage is Giant's Causeway And the Giant's Causeway cost which is nominated in 1989 in Northern Ireland, in Britain. And based on the criteria seven and eight. The Giant's Causeway lies at the foot of the basalt cliffs along the sea coast on the edge of the Antrim plateau in Northern Ireland. It is made up of some 40,000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea. The dramatic sight has inspired legends of giants striding over the sea to Scotland.

Skip to 1 minute and 2 secondsGeological studies of these formations over the last 300 years have greatly contributed to the development of the earth sciences, and show that this striking landscape was caused by volcanic activity during the Tertiary, some 50 to 60 million years ago. So also this site is based on the Criterion seven. The cliff exposure of the column near and massive basket present exceptional natural beauty, the extent of visible rock section, and the quality of the exposed column in the cliff and on the causeway compared to the prison, an area of the feature of the considerable significance, also the criteria seven. And so the reason I want to keep use this example about the natural heritage site.

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsIt's just want you to rethink about the Criterion seven. About the natural value. This is a really a letter value, or it is human sense of natural value? Actually, the aesthetic value is smaller to the cultural value in the Chinese sense.

Skip to 2 minutes and 36 secondsAnd there is an exceptional side. I want to stress is the Great Barrier Reef. It's based on all the four value of the natural properties. So this is an example I want to stress is Australia The Great Barrier Reef, it is based on the all of the natural Criterion seven , eight, nine , ten. One of the exceptional site. The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. It contains the world largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc.

Skip to 3 minutes and 26 secondsIt also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the Dugong and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction. And the site also based on the Criterion seven, the Great Barrier Reef is of superlative natural beauty above and below the water, and provides some of the most spectacular scenery on earth. It is one of a few living structures visible from space, appearing as a complex string of reel structures along Australia's northeast coast. And another nature example I want to give you is a White Haven Beach, which is also a part of the Great Barrier Reef. It is a 7 km stretch along Whitsunday Island, Australia.

Skip to 4 minutes and 29 secondsThe island is accessible by boat, seaplane & helicopter from Airlie Beach, as well as Hamilton Island. You can see from the sky, there is a heart island, heart shape island. So there's many, you know young couples and men proposed for women and who are on the helicopters when they see the heart island, very romantic. The beach is known for its crystal white sand and turtles , colored waters.

Skip to 5 minutes and 18 secondsThe other example is the Fraser Island, Fraser Island lies just off the east coast of Australia. It has 122 km long, it is the largest sand island in the world. The combination of shifting sand-dunes, tropical rainforests and lakes makes it an exceptional site. The site based on the criteria seven, eight and nine, and based on the criteria seven, the Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world, containing a diverse range of features that are of exceptional natural beauty. The area has over 250 kilometres of clear sandy beaches with long, uninterrupted sweeps of ocean beach, including more than 40 kilometres of strikingly coloured sand cliffs, as well as spectacular blowouts.

Skip to 6 minutes and 20 secondsInland from the beach are majestic remnants of tall rainforest growing on tall sand dunes, a phenomenon believed to be unique in the world. Half of the world perched freshwater dune lakes occur on the island, producing a spectacular and varied landscape. And you can see from these pictures, it is one of the beautiful lake in the world is magazine lake which is very clean and very spectacular. And you can see the lake Ruby and lake Boomanjin also with a different kind of color. You can see all these colors in one island. So a very spectacular tourist destination.

Skip to 7 minutes and 13 secondsAnd these two images also show other place of interest because there are many cricket in the island you can, you know go from downstream to the upstream are very unique tourist experiences. And there's also a seventy miles of the beach and you can drive through. And what a wild, you know, tourist experiences.

Skip to 7 minutes and 43 secondsAnd also if you want to go to the island, you have to drive the four wheel cars. Because it is a sand island. And the two wheel car will not go through to the sand and always bring a lot of kind of the rescue tools. Because sometimes your ties just sank to the sand. You need to this kind of tools to get out of the sand. But that is the place I just want to you to have experience to feel the natural beauty and also some cultural element.

Skip to 8 minutes and 20 secondsBecause in this island, not only for the natural beauty, but it is also civil cultural remnant, because it is used to be human to cut down trees, because their supplies in the island. It is a very good material. But in order to apply for the world heritage sites, it is stopped in last centuries. In this section, we've talking about world nature heritage criterion. There are four criterion, but we focus on the criterion seven, because this criterion is conservation. It is in the category of the natural Criterion, but the setting value can be culture. So we will talk about this in the following course. Thank you.

Cases studies of natural heritage

Great! You are now watching the last video of this week and the first week’s learning is coming to an end. By the end of this video, you will have a good understanding of worldwide natural heritage cases from Dr. Rouran Zhang.

In this week, we have learned the UNSECO World Heritage programme and the definition of cultural heritage.We believe that you have a preliminary understanding of cultural and natural heritage. In the next week, we will learn mixed heritage and other heritage categories in the world. You will achieve a sustainable sight to cope with meaningful sites around the world. Hope to see you in next week’s study.

Now let’s go back to an interesting discussion part.

Which case attracts you most of the natural heritage cases in the course are you more interested in? If you had an opportunity to have a visit, which one would you choose?

Feel free to leave a comment in the comments section and let us know your opinion.

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Culture and Tourism

Nankai University