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The basic mechanism for computing on any datastructure in Haskell is recursion. Recursion always has a base case and an induction case. For lists, the base case is the empty list [], the induction case is adding an element to the list x:xs

For list operations, it is usually easier to use higher-order functions like map (performing an operation on every element of a list) and foldl/foldr (reducing a list to a single value). Sometimes these functions are referred to as list combinators.

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Functional Programming in Haskell: Supercharge Your Coding

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