Skip to 0 minutes and 6 secondsSo we've come to the end of our two week open course on gender and development. It's been a pretty challenging, and hopefully for you, exciting though brief, journey. Core to our work in this course has been to reflect on the problems that arise from a single story of either gender, or development. So we've considered the uneasy relationship between development and gender, and we've examined some of the major turning points on the ongoing transformations of gender and development. So as we wrap up this part of the course, let's go through some of these major points. Firstly, we considered how development was historically positioned as a project of economics, of modernisation and growth.
Skip to 0 minutes and 46 secondsThis incorporated a whole range of approaches, each trying to address the problems created by development, or left unattended by it. But in the end we saw it resulted in more, rather than less poverty. It created new problems, such as growing inequalities, health problems, and injustice. Newer approaches tried to grapple with this problem and introduced different frameworks, such as basic needs approach, and the human development approach. But to what extent have these been successful? And this is what remains arguable. Secondly, we considered the ways in which gender has been understood in terms of development. And this has gone through various changes, as well.
Skip to 1 minute and 27 secondsIt was originally understood to be solely about the need to include, rather than exclude women, from development processes and programs. But over time, not only did these gender approaches change from women to gender, but the complex meanings and exclusions of the term gender itself also changed. And thirdly, we've considered the turning point marked by the World Bank in 2012, as it conceded that gender equity remains a significant failure, and an ongoing challenge for all development agendas. It went so far as to say that without it, development could not be achieved. And now the Sustainable Development Goals, the overarching agenda of the current global development programs, pledges to end gender inequity everywhere by 2030.
Skip to 2 minutes and 15 secondsJust how this will happen is a major future focus of gender and development. Now in thinking about these major points we've considered, we've also thought about the ways in which organisations have tried to navigate these meanings and approaches to gender and to development, which makes working in this space very interesting, but also challenging. And so, it was really good to look at some nuanced approaches to gender and development, such as Carolyn Moser's Gender Analysis Framework, which advocates an approach that works simultaneously with the immediate, or what she calls the practical needs of women, alongside strategic needs that need to transform the balance of power between men and women. The major changes now facing us all
Skip to 3 minutes and 2 secondsare: war, famine, the displacement of people through climate change, intensifying austerity, and environmental sustainability. And just how gender will be part of this, remains our challenge. So this is now the end of our brief excursion through these issues. Thank you for being part of it. I hope it's been a stimulating and rewarding experience for you. And should you wish to follow up some of these issues, or to continue with this in an academic setting, then Deakin University invites you to join the next section of this unit, which over a further eight weeks we will delve more deeply into the rich and vexed scholarship and practice, of Gender and Development.
Summarising our learning
Thank you for participating in Gender and Development.
We hope you have found the material stimulating and engaging, and that you are now able to consider critically how gender and development are framed in contemporary society.
Your contributions will have enriched all participants and have surely provided inspiration, provocation and stimulus.
We would love to hear in the comments about how this course has affected your understanding of gender and development.
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